what causes tsunami
A tsunami (Japanese for harbor wave) can be caused when a large volume of water in a sea or ocean is displaced. Tsunamis can happen most anywhere that there is an ocean or giant body of water. They especially happen where major natural events like underwater earthquakes or volcanoes can happen.
A tsunami can be generated when convergent or destructive plate boundaries abruptly move and vertically displace the overlying water. There is usually a movement underwater, like an earthquake, where the earth's plates push together, or a landslide, which causes a wave to be generated. When tectonic plates slide on each other, that's when an earthquake may happen. Because they can slide under the ocean, the impact can make the water form a giant wave. This wave is massive - nothing like what a surfer seeks. The wave can be meters high, and as it rushes closer to the coast it gains enough momentum to wreak massive damage on land. The momentum slows upon reaching land, but it is still a major force.
Get in a pool or the bath tub and put your hand a good ways down and then pull it up quickly but not out of the water, pull up strong but don't break the surface and watch the result. Not exactly a tsunami, but a simple version of the science.
Tsunamis can be caused from different kinds of events, including, but not limited to:
- Sea bed earthquake, displacing water (the most likely cause).
- Distance landslides into the ocean or sea.
- Tropical storms or hurricanes.
- Volcanic disruption.
- Meteor striking the ocean or sea.
CAUSES OF TSUNAMI:-