education and british rule.

what were the main features of lord macaulay's recommendations?

what was the aim of the british in educating indians?


women and reform

what was the major achievements of raja rammohun roy?


challenging the caste

what are scheduled castes and tribes?why are they called so?


lesson 8 - civilising the native

eduction and british rule:  The British made efforts to reform the educational system of India in order to civilize the people and change their taste value and culture.

The missionaries strongly criticized the notion of practical education. They felt that education should attempt to improve the moral character of the people, and morality could be improved only through Christian education.


1. Before the introduction of the Education Act in 1870, there was no widespread education for the population.

2.Child labour was widely prevalent at that time, therefore, poor children could not be sent to school for their earning was vital for the survival of the family.

3.The number of schools was also limited to the schools run by the Church or set up by wealthy individuals.

It was only after the Education Act came into force that the schools were opened by the government and compulsory schooling was introduced.



Lord Macaulay submitted his report Macaulay minute on Indian Education. In his report, he criticized the Orientalists and passionately emphasized the need to teach English language. He felt that knowledge of English language would make the Indians aware of the developments in the Western literature, science and philosophy. On the basis of his report, English Education Act was passed in 1835, which made English as the medium of instruction for higher education.


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