How did the nation become a reality in the minds of Indian people? Explain.

1)  Nationalism spreads when people begin to believe that they are all part of the same nation, when they discover some unity that binds them together.


2)   Nation became a reality in the minds of Indian people through history and fiction, folklore and songs, popular prints and symbols, all played a part in the making of nationalism


3)   The identity of the nation is most often symbolised in a figure or image. This helps create an image with which people can identify the nation.


4)  With the growth of nationalism, identity of India came to be visually associated with the image of Bharat Mata. It was created by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.


5)  In 1870s, he wrote ‘ Vande Mataram’ as a hymn to motherland. Later, it was included in his novel, Anandmath, and widely sung during the Swadeshi movement in Bengal.


6)  Inspired by this movement, Abanindranath Tagore painted his famous image of Bharat Mata. In this painting, Bharat Mata is portrayed as an ascetic figure and she is calm, composed, divine, and spiritual.


7)  Nationalism developed also through movement to revive Indian folklore. Nationalists began to record folk tales, which they believed gave the true picture of traditional culture of India which have been damaged by foreign forces


8)  Thus through our glorious developments in art, architecture, science, mathematics, religion, culture, law and philosophy Indians began to feel the pride of our nation’s past and nationalism spread to free our country from the clutches of British rule

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Image of Bharat Mata-idenity of idia came to be visualised in association to Bharat Mata.the image was first created by bankim chandra chattopadhyay and then potrait by abanindranath reflected bharat mata as an ascetic figure.devotion to this mother figure came to be seen as evidence of one's nationalism.Revival of folklore:indian nationalists began rerecording folk tales,sung by ballads and asked villagers to gather folk songs and legends.this was the true identity of the traditional culture which had been corrupted and damaged by outside forces.A tricolor flag:during the swadeshi movement in bengal,a tricolor falg was had 8 lotuses representing the 8 british provinces and a crescent moon representing the hindus and muslims.later,in 1921,ghandhiji designed nationalist swaraj tricolor,with spinning wheel in the centre , representing the ghandian ideal of self-help.Re-interpretation of history-by the end of the 19th century , indians felt that in ordeer to instill a feeling of nationalizm in the nation , they had to look into the past to rediscover inadia's achievements in arta and architecture,science and mathematics , religion and culture,laws and philosophy,craft and trade.these nationalistd urged readers to take pride in india's great achievements.Hope you found this helpful!!!!!
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