HOW AGRICULTURE CHANGED IN A REMOTE TRIBAL AREA AFTER INDEPENDENCE .LIST THE DIFFRENT WAYS IN WHICH YOU WOULD FIND INFORMATION ON THIS?
Agriculture was conferred as an item in the Concurrent list. There were following changes in the agriculture after independence:
- Land alienation: Due to monetary economy and no source of income, the tribals mortgaged their lands.
- Indebtedness: They fell in the trap of moneylenders who charged them with high rates of interest and their inability to pay them off, the tribals were indebted.
- Bonded labour: To repay their debts, the tribals had to enter into contracts where they had to work as bonded labour.
- Difficulty in technology transfer: The tribals were habituated to shifting cultivation and they were not eqipped enough to take up the changes in the agricultures taking place in other parts of the country