Find out how issues like dowry and child labour were brought to the notice of the parliament. What process was adopted for the enactment of a law against the social evil?

Dear Student,

Kindly refer the following points related to dowry below:

a. Women had a very significant position in our ancient Indian society, they  participated in religious ceremonies and assemblies.
b. However, as time passed the status of women in Indian society underwent a change.
c. The idea of  patriarchy  became well entrenched in Indian society which propagates women's subordination to men as natural.
d. She became victim of social evils like sati, child marriage etc.
e.  19th century reform movements sought to empower women. Laws banning sati, legalizing widow remarriage aimed at improving their position. Certainly it was an attempt to empower women .
f. Social religious reform movement certainly played an important role in highlighting such evils.
g. After independence number of laws were passed which sought to raise the status and position of women in the Indian society.
With surge in cruelty, domestic violence , suicide  based on dowry, the Parliament felt the need to have a comprehensive legislation against it.
i.  Dowry prohibition act , which has been the result of role played by women in raising consciousness of the people against such evil practise, which treated women as mere commodities.
j.The practise of Dowry is surely inimical to growth and progress of our country
k. It is due to such practise that girl child is still treated as a burden, liability in the family . It is rather the cause for gendered attitude towards women and also for male preference. Despite law being passed, dowry continues to haunt our society. It is important real effective measures are to be taken to implement the law
m. Further, education a girl child , will result in a ore progressive outlook in the society, raising awareness and sensitivity will go a long way in empowering women
n. Such evil practise hampers women empowerment, if women are to empower themselves, enlighten themselves they have to raise their voice against such age old custom

The following process of law enactement was adopted:

a. Introduction of the Bill- A bill is introduced by the member of Parliament in the either house of the Parliament and a copy of it is circulated  to all the members of the House.
b. Discussion of the Bill- After the copy is circulated, the bill is discussed and deliberated.
c. Committee stage- At this stage bill is referred to the select committee,  which goes through the bill in detail and prepares a detailed report to be discussed in the house again. Generally, bills which are highly technical in nature or require some expert advise are referred to the committee which prepares a report. The committee comprises of the members of the House.
d. Discussion Stage- At this stage committee report is discussed in the house which may or may not be accepted by the house. There is a clause by clause discussion of the Bill, at this stage amendments or changes to the bill are also moved.
e. Voting Stage- At this stage bill is voted upon and if it gets the required majority it is passed and goes to the next house which follows the same procedure. Ordinary bills require simple majority of both the houses whereas Constitutional amendment bills require 2/3rd majority.
f. Presidential Assent- After the bill is passed by both the houses of the Parliament it goes to the President for his assent. The President may send back the bill for reconsideration to the Parliament but when the second time the bill comes to him he has to sign and thus the Bill becomes a Law.

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