explain the rise of sultanates in arab and iran..

The Sultanate started in Arabia following the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632 AD. Following his death, his followers declared the Caliphate, which was to be a political entity that would govern all Muslims under the Caliph, the successor to Muhammad. The Caliphate soon expanded to all areas of West Asia. The Arabs conquered Iran in 651 AD. This marks the beginning of the Islamic period in Iran. 

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