describe the old urban areas of india

  • In the late eighteenth century, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras rose in importance as Presidency cities and became the centres of British power in the different regions of India.
  • At the same time, a host of smaller cities declined like the towns manufacturing specialized goods declined due to a drop in demand
  • Old trading centres and ports could not survive with the flow of trade moving to new centres.
  • Similarly, earlier centres of regional power collapsed when local rulers were defeated by the British and new centres of administration emerged.
  • Cities such as Machlipatnam, Surat and Seringapatam were deurbanized during the nineteenth century.
  • By the early twentieth century, only 11 per cent of Indians were living in cities.

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