General Science Solutions Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Changes – Physical And Chemical are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Changes – Physical And Chemical are extremely popular among Class 7 students for Science Changes – Physical And Chemical Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the General Science Solutions Book of Class 7 Science Chapter 13 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s General Science Solutions Solutions. All General Science Solutions Solutions for class Class 7 Science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 91:

Question 1:

 Distinguish between the following.
 (a) Physical change and chemical change
 (b) Periodic change and non-periodic change
 (c) Natural change and man-made change

Answer:

a. 

Physical Change

Chemical Change

The chemical composition of a substance does not change

The chemical composition of a substance does not remain same

Easily reversible

Not easily reversible

No new substance is formed

New substances are always formed

Melting of ice is an example of physical change

Burning of paper is an example of chemical change


b.

Periodic changes
 
Non periodic changes

1. Events that repeat themselves after a fixed period of time and whose ocurence can be predicted are called periodic changes.
 
The events that do not repeat themselves after regular interval of time are called non periodic changes. 

2. Example- rotation of earth, revolution of earth, day and night, seasons etc.
 
Example- natural disasters like earthquake, cyclones etc.

c.

Natural changes
 
Man made changes

1. The changes which are brought about by nature itselfand are not under the control of humans are called natural changes.
 
The changes which are brought about by humans are called man made changes.

2. Examples- change of season, tides in sea, ageing of plants etc.
 
Examples- burning of fuels, cutting hair, switching on lights etc.

Page No 91:

Question 2:

Under which different types can the following changes be classified?
(a) Conversion of milk into yoghurt.
(b) Bursting of a cracker.
(c) Occurence of an earthquake.
(d) Revolution of the earth around the sun.
(e) Stretching of a spring.

Answer:

(a) Conversion of milk into yoghurt- Chemical change
(b) Bursting of a cracker- Chemical change
(c) Occurence of an earthquake- Natural change
(d) Revolution of the earth around the sun- Periodic change
(e) Stretching of a spring- Physical change

Page No 91:

Question 3:

Give reasons.
(a) While purchasing canned food, its expiry date should be checked.
(b) An iron article should be given a coat of paint
(c) A wooden article should be polished.
(d) Copper and brass utensils should be tinned.
(e) A dry handkerchief gets wet at once on dipping in water, but it takes long for a wet handkerchief to dry.

Answer:

a. While purchasing canned food their expiry date should be checked because an expiry date indicates that for how long a canned food is safe for consumption. Canned foods with expired dates are not considered worth consumption as they could affect your health. They might get contaminated with microorganisms like bacteria or may have no nutritional value left after its expiration.

b. Iron articles often undergo rusting resulting in the formation of a reddish brown layer on its surface. Rusting is caused by the exposure of iron to the air and water in the surroundings. An iron article which is coated with a paint prevents the interaction of iron with the surrounding air and water and thus protects it from rusting.

c. A wooden article should be polished because it protects the wooden article from sunlight and all other external conditions and also it reduces the probability of wooden mites damaging the furniture. 

d. Copper and brass materials also undergo corrosion resulting in the formation of a greenish layer on this surface. When the surface of copper/ brass comes in contact with air or water, it results in corrosion and to prevent this, the process of tining is used. In this process copper and brass articles are coated with tin.

e. A dry handkercheif gets wet at once because it quickly absorbs the water in which it is dipped. However, it takes longer for a wet handkerchief to dry because the water needs to evapourate from the handkerchief. Evaporation is a slow process which is dependant on other factors as well like relative humidity.

Page No 91:

Question 4:

What will you take into account while identifying the following?
(a) A physical change in a substance.
(b) A chemical change in a substance.

Answer:

a. Physical changes are those changes in which only the forms of substances get modified; the chemical natures and compositions of the substances involved are not altered.

Characteristics:

  • No new substance is formed during a physical change.
  • Most physical changes can be reversed easily.
  • The chemical composition of a substance undergoing physical change remains the same.

b. Chemical changes are changes that involve reaction of substances with one another. Such reactions result in alterations in the chemical compositions of the substances involved. These changes lead to the formation of new substances.

Characteristics:

  • One or more new substances are formed during a chemical change.
  • Most chemical changes cannot be reversed easily.
  • The chemical composition of a substance undergoing chemical change does not remain the same.
  • A chemical change is always accompanied by a change in energy.

Page No 91:

Question 5:

Read the paragraph and note down the various types of changes it mentions.
It was nearing six o'clock in the evening. The sun was setting. A breeze was blowing. Leaves on the tree were shaking. Sahil was sitting in the courtyard, rolling balls of wet soil and shaping them into various toys. Then he felt hungry and went into the house. Mother made a dough from wheat flour and fried purees. While eating hot purees, his attention was drawn outside the window. It had started raining. There was lightning, too. Sahil was enjoying his dinner in the dim light.

Answer:

It was nearing six o'clock in the evening (Periodic change). The sun was setting (Periodic change). A breeze was blowing (Natural change). Leaves on the tree were shaking (Physical change). Sahil was sitting in the courtyard, rolling balls of wet soil and shaping them into various toys (Physical change). Then he felt hungry (Chemical change) and went into the house. Mother made a dough from wheat flour and fried purees (Irreversible change). While eating hot purees, his attention was drawn outside the window. It had started raining (Natural change). There was lightning (Natural change), too. Sahil was enjoying his dinner in the dim light.



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