Mathematics Solutions Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 13 Perimeter And Area are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Perimeter And Area are extremely popular among Class 7 students for Maths Perimeter And Area Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Mathematics Solutions Book of Class 7 Maths Chapter 13 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Mathematics Solutions Solutions. All Mathematics Solutions Solutions for class Class 7 Maths are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

#### Question 1:

If the length and breadth of a rectangle are doubled, how many times the perimeter of the old rectangle will that of the new rectangle be?

Let the length of old rectangle = l
Let the breadth of old rectangle = b
Perimeter of the old rectangle = 2(length + breadth) = 2(l + b)
When the length and the breadth of the rectangle are doubled, then
length of the new rectangle = 2l
breadth of the new rectangle = 2b
∴ Perimeter of new rectangle = 2(length + breadth)
= 2(2l + 2b)
= 2 × 2(l + b)
= 2 × perimeter of the old rectangle    [∵ perimeter of old rectangle = 2(l + b)]
Hence, the perimeter of the new rectangle will become two times of the perimeter of the old rectangle.

#### Question 2:

If the side of a square is tripled, how many times the perimeter of the first square will that of the new square be?

Let the length of each side of the old square = s
Then, perimeter of the old square = 4 × side = 4 × s = 4s
When the length of each side of the square is tripled, then
length of each side of the new square = 3s
∴ perimeter of the new square = 4 × side
= 4 × 3s
= 3 × 4s
= 3 × perimeter of the old square    [∵ perimeter of the old square = 4s]
Hence, the perimeter of the new square will become three times of the perimeter of the old square.

#### Question 3:

Given alongside is the diagram of a playground. It shows the length of its sides. Find the perimeter of the playground. It is known that, perimeter of a polygon is equal to sum of the lengths of all the sides of the polygon.
Let us mark the vertices of the given polygon as A, B, C, D, E and F.
The given figure can be broken into rectangle and square by drawing a line CG || BA. Now, ABCG is a rectangle and GDEF is a square.
Since, opposite sides of rectangle are equal, then
GC = AB = 10 m and AG = BC = 15 m
Since length of each sides of square is equal, then
GD = DE = EF = FG = 15 m
Perimeter of ABCDEFG = AB + BC + CD + DE + EF + FG + GA
= 10 + 15 + 5 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15
= 90 m

#### Question 4:

As shown in the figure, four napkins all of the same size were made from a square piece of cloth of length 1 m. What length of lace will be required to trim all four sides of all the napkins ? Length of each side of a square piece of cloth = 1 m
Now, four napkins all of same size were made from this square piece of cloth.
∴ Length of each side of a napkin, s = Length of each side of a square piece of cloth ÷ 2
= 1 ÷ 2
$\frac{1}{2}$ m
Length of lace needed to trim all the four sides of a napkin = perimeter of a napkin
= 4 × s
= 4 × $\frac{1}{2}$
= 2 m
∴ Length of lace needed to trim all the four sides of four napkins = 4 × length of lace needed for a napkin
= 4 × 2
= 8 m

#### Question 1:

If the side of a square is 12 cm, find its area.

Length of each side of square, s = 12 cm
∴ Area of square = s2
= (12)2
= 12 × 12
= 144 cm2
Thus, the area of the square is 144 cm2.

#### Question 2:

If the length of a rectangle is 15 cm and breadth is 5 cm, find its area.

Length of the rectangle, l = 15 cm
Breadth of the rectangle, b = 5 cm
∴ Area of rectangle = l × b
= 15 × 5
= 75 cm2
Hence, the area of rectangle is 75 cm2.

#### Question 3:

The area of a rectangle is 102 sqcm. If its length is 17 cm, what is its perimeter ?

Area of rectangle = 102 cm2
Length of the rectangle, l = 17 cm
∴ Breadth of the rectangle, b    (∵ area of rectangle = length × breadth)
b$\frac{102}{17}$ = 6 cm
Perimeter of rectangle = 2(length + breadth)
= 2(17 + 6)
= 2 × 23
= 46 cm

#### Question 4:

If the side of a square is tripled, how many times will its area be as compared to the area of the original square ?

Let the length of each side of original square = s
Area of original square = side × side = s2
When the side of the square is tripled, then
length of each side of new square = 3s
Area of new square = side × side
= 3s × 3s
= 9s2
= 9 × s2
= 9 × area of original square    [∵ area of original square = s2]
Hence, the area of the new square will become nine times the area of the original square.

#### Question 1:

A page of a calendar is 45 cm long and 26 cm wide. What is its area ?

Length of the calendar, l = 45 cm
Breadth of the calendar, b = 26 cm
∴ Area of calendar = l × b
= 45 × 26
= 1170 cm2

#### Question 2:

What is the area of a triangle with base 4.8 cm and height 3.6 cm ?

We have, base of a triangle = 4.8 cm
Height of a triangle = 3.6 cm
∴ Area of a triangle = $\frac{1}{2}$ × base × height
$\frac{1}{2}$ × 4.8 × 3.6
= 8.64 cm2

#### Question 3:

What is the value of a rectangular plot of land 75.5 m long and 30.5 m broad at the rate of 1000 rupees per square metre ?

Length of the rectangular plot of land, l = 75.5 m
Breadth of the rectangular plot of land, b = 30.5 m
∴ Area of rectangular plot of land = l × b
= 75.5 × 30.5
= 2302.75 m2
Cost of 1 m2 of rectangular plot of land = 1000 rupees
∴ Cost of 2302.75 m2 of rectangular plot of land = 1000 × 2302.75
= 2302750 rupees
Hence, the value of the rectangular plot of land is Rs 2302750.

#### Question 4:

A rectangular hall is 12 m long and 6 m broad. Its flooring is to be made of square tiles of side 30 cm. How many tiles will fit in the entire hall ? How many would be required if tiles of side 15 cm were used?

Length of the rectangular hall, l = 12 m
Breadth of the rectangular hall, b = 6 m
Area of the floor of the rectangular hall = × b
= 12 × 6
= 72 m2
Length of each side of square tile used in the first case = 30 cm = $\frac{30}{100}\mathrm{m}$ = 0.3 m    (∵ 100 cm = 1 m)
Area of each tile = side × side
= 0.3 × 0.3
= 0.09 m2
∴ Required number of square tiles each of side 30 cm =
$\frac{72}{0.09}$
$\frac{72×100}{9}$
= 800
Length of each side of square tile used in the second case = 15 cm = $\frac{15}{100}\mathrm{m}$ = 0.15 m
Area of each tile = side × side
= 0.15 × 0.15
= 0.0225 m2
∴ Required number of square tiles each of side 15 cm =
$\frac{72}{0.0225}$
$\frac{72×10000}{225}$
= 3200

#### Question 5:

Find the perimeter and area of a garden with measures as shown in the figure alongside.  Let us mark the vertices of the given polygon as A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K and L.
Perimeter of garden ABCDEFGHIJKL = sum of all the sides of polygon = AB + BC + CD + DE + EF + FG + GH + HI + IJ + JK + KL
= 13 + 13 + 13 + 13 + 13 + 13 + 13 + 13 + 13 + 13 + 13
= 143 m

The given figure of the garden can be broken into five squares as follows. Now, length of each side of each of the five squares is equal to 13 m.
Area of each square = side × side
= 13 × 13
= 169 m2
∴ Area of the five squares = 5 × area of each square
= 5 × 169
= 845 m2
Hence, the area of the given garden is 845 m2.

#### Question 1:

Find the total surface area of cubes having the following sides.
(i) 3 cm (ii) 5 cm  (iii) 7.2 m (iv) 6.8 m (v) 5.5 m

(i) Length of each side of cube, l = 3 cm
∴ Total surface area of the cube = 6 × l2
= 6 × (3)2
= 6 × 9
= 54 cm2

(ii) Length of each side of cube, = 5 cm
∴ Total surface area of the cube = 6 × l2
= 6 × (5)2
= 6 × 25
= 150 cm2

(iii) Length of each side of cube, = 7.2 m
∴ Total surface area of the cube = 6 × l2
= 6 × (7.2)2
= 6 × 51.84
= 311.04 m2

(iv) Length of each side of cube, = 6.8 m
∴ Total surface area of the cube = 6 × l2
= 6 × (6.8)2
= 6 × 46.24
= 277.44 m2

(v) Length of each side of cube, = 5.5 m
∴ Total surface area of the cube = 6 × l2
= 6 × (5.5)2
= 6 × 30.25
= 181.50 m2

#### Question 2:

Find the total surface area of the cuboids of length, breadth and height as given below:

(i) 12 cm, 10 cm, 5 cm (ii) 5 cm, 3.5 cm, 1.4 cm
(iii) 2.5 cm, 2 m, 2.4 m (iv) 8 m, 5 m, 3.5 m

(i) Length of the cuboid, l = 12 cm
Breadth of the cuboid, b = 10 cm
Height of the cuboid, h = 5 cm
∴ Total surface area of the cuboid = 2(l × b + b × h + h × l)
= 2(12 × 10 + 10 × 5 + 5 × 12)
= 2(120 + 50 + 60)
= 2 × 230
= 460 cm2

(ii) Length of the cuboid, l = 5 cm
Breadth of the cuboid, b = 3.5 cm
Height of the cuboid, h = 1.4 cm
∴ Total surface area of the cuboid =  2(l × b + b × h + h × l)
= 2(5 × 3.5 + 3.5 × 1.4 + 1.4 × 5)
= 2(17.5 + 4.9 + 7.0)
= 2 × 29.4
= 58.8 cm2

(iii) Length of the cuboid, l = 2.5 cm = $\frac{2.5}{100}$ m = 0.025 m    [∵ 100 cm = 1 m]
Breadth of the cuboid, b = 2 m
Height of the cuboid, h = 2.4 m
∴ Total surface area of the cuboid =  2(l × b + b × h + h × l)
= 2(0.025 × 2 + 2 × 2.4 + 2.4 × 0.025)
= 2(0.05 + 4.8 + 0.06)
= 2 × 4.91
= 9.82 m2

(iv)  Length of the cuboid, l = 8 m
Breadth of the cuboid, b = 5 m
Height of the cuboid, h = 3.5 m
∴ Total surface area of the cuboid =  2(l × b + b × h + h × l)
= 2(8 × 5 + 5 × 3.5 + 3.5 × 8)
= 2(40 + 17.5 + 28)
= 2 × 85.5
= 171 m2

#### Question 3:

A matchbox is 4 cm long, 2.5 cm broad and 1.5 cm in height. Its outer sides are to be covered exactly with craft paper. How much paper will be required to do so ?

Length of the matchbox, l = 4 cm
Breadth of the matchbox, b = 2.5 cm
Height of the matchbox, h = 1.5 cm
∴ Surface area of the box = 2(l × b + b × h + h × l)
= 2(4 × 2.5 + 2.5 × 1.5 + 1.5 × 4)
= 2(10 + 3.75 + 6)
= 2 × 19.75
= 39.5 cm2
Hence, 39.5 cm2 of the craft paper will be needed to cover the matchbox.

#### Question 4:

An open box of length 1.5 m, breadth 1 m, and height 1 m is to be made for use on a trolley for carrying garden waste. How much sheet metal will be required to make this box ? The inside and outside surface of the box is to be painted with rust proof paint. At a rate of 150 rupees per sqm, how much will it cost to paint the box?

Length of the open box, l = 1.5 m
Breadth of the open box, b = 1 m
Height of the open box, h = 1 m
Surface area of open box = Total surface area of the box − Area of the top
= 2(l × b + b × h + h × l) − l × b
= 2(1.5 × 1 + 1 × 1 + 1 × 1.5) − 1.5 × 1
= 2(1.5 + 1 + 1.5) − 1.5
= 2 × 4 − 1.5
= 8 − 1.5
= 6.5 m2
Hence, 6.5 m2 of the sheet will be needed to make the open box.
Now, it is given that the inside and the outside surface of the open box is to be painted with rust proof paint.
∴ Total area of the box to be painted = 2 × Surface area of open box
= 2 × 6.5
= 13 m2
Now, cost of painting of 1 m2 of area = 150 rupees
∴ Cost of painting of 13 m2 of area = 16 × 150 = 1950 rupees
Hence, it will cost 1950 rupees to paint the open box from inside and outside with rust proof paint.

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