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#### Question 1:

In the paragraph below, write ‘solid’, ‘liquid’ or ‘gas’ in each of the brackets depending on the substance referred to just before.
On a bright sunny day, Riya and Gargi are playing with a ball (   ) in the park. Gargi feels thirsty. So, Riya brings tender coconut water (   ) for her. At the same time, a strong breeze (   ) starts blowing and it also begins to rain (   ). They run back into the house (   ), change their clothes (   ) and then their mother gives them a cup (   ) of hot milk (   ) to drink.

On a bright sunny day, Riya and Gargi are playing with a ball (solid) in the park. Gargi feels thirsty. So, Riya brings tender coconut water (liquid) for her. At the same time, a strong breeze (gas) starts blowing and it also begins to rain (liquid). They run back into the house (solid), change their clothes (solid) and then their mother gives them a cup (solid) of hot milk (liquid) to drink.

#### Question 2:

Discuss.
(a) Riya pours some water from her bottle into another bottle. Does it change the shape of the water ?
(b) Halima picks up a small stone from the ground and puts it in the water in a dish. Does the shape of the stone change ?

a. Yes, the shape of the water will change because liquids do not have a shape of their own. They take the shape of the container in which they are present.

b. No, the shape of the stone will not change by putting it in a dish containing water because solids have definite shape. They do not change their shape and retain it, no matter whatever be the circumstances.

#### Question 3:

Write the properties of these substances.
Water, glass, chalk, iron ball, sugar, salt, flour, coal, soil, pen, ink, soap.

Water- Fluidity
Glass- Transparent, brittle
Chalk- Brittle
Iron ball- Hardness
Sugar- Solubility
Salt- Solubility
Flour-Solubility
Coal- Brittle
Soil- Solubility
Pen- Hard
Ink- Fluidity
Soap- Brittle

#### Question 4:

What is sublimation? Write the names of everyday substances that sublimate.

Sublimation is the change of the gaseous state directly into the solid state, without going through the liquid state, and vice versa.
Examples of sublimation:- dry ice, moth balls or napthalene balls, camphor (kapur).

#### Question 5:

What is it made from? Why?
(a) A sickle to cut sugarcane.
(b) The sheets used for roofing.
(c) A screwdriver
(d) A pair of tongs.
(e) Electric cables.
(f) Ornaments.
(g) Pots and pans.

(a) A sickle to cut sugarcane- Made out of iron since it is very hard and strong.
(b) The sheets used for roofing- Aluminium is used to make sheets for roofing because it is malleable i.e. it can be hammered into sheets.
(c) A screwdriver- It is made up of steel beacuse it is very hard and duable.
(d) A pair of tongs- They are made up of metals like iron or aluminium beacuse they have high melting points and do not melt while using on flames.
(e) Electric cables- Metals like silver, gold, copper and platinum are used to make wires because they are ductile i.e. they can be drawn into wires.
(f) Ornaments- Metals such as gold and silver are used for making jewellery because they are very lustrous.
(g) Pots and pans- Copper is used to make pots and pans because it is a good conductor of heat.

#### Question 6:

What will happen if....? And why ?
(a) Nails are made of plastic.
(b) A bell is made of wood.
(c) Rubber is not fitted on a pair of tongs.
(d) A knife is made of wood.
(e) An axe is made of rubber.

a. If nails are made out of plastic, they cannot be used for its usual purposes. They could not be hammered like iron nails and ould not possess the strength which iron nails have. It means they would have no strength to hold the things together.

b. If a bell is made of wood, it will not ring. The bells are made up of metals like copper etc. as they show the property of sonority i.e. the ability to produce a ringing sound when striked upon. Wood does not have this property and hence cannot be used to make bells.

c. Tongs are made up of metals and they have the ability to conduct heat. If rubber is attached to the tongs, the heat will be transfered to the rubber and it will melt off.

d. Knife is used to cut vegetables, fruits etc. The regular knifes which we use are made up of metals like iron etc. as they are hard, strong and durable. Also they can be sharpened and moulded into shapes which we desire. Knifes made out of wood cannot be used for cutting or chopping purposes.

e. An axe is used to cut and chop wood. It is made up of metals beacause they are stong, hard and durable. Also they can be moulded and sharpened which is an important characteristic. These properties are not applicable to rubber. An axe made of rubber will neither be hard nor sharp enough so that it can be used for its usual purposes.

#### Question 7:

Who am I ?
(a) I’m found in a thermometer, I measure your temperature.
(b) I make things hot or cold.
(c) I have no shape whatsoever !
(d) I dissolve in water, but not in kerosene.

(a) I’m found in a thermometer, I measure your temperature- Mercury
(b) I make things hot or cold- Temperature
(c) I have no shape whatsoever !- Gas
(d) I dissolve in water, but not in kerosene- Salt

#### Question 8:

Why does this happen ?
(a) Coconut oil thickens in winter.
(b) Kerosene left open in a dish disappears.
(c) The fragrance of incense sticks lighted in one corner of a room spreads to the other corner.
(d) What you see in the picture.