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Presentation of Data

Presentation of Data- Introduction and its Types, Textual Presentation

Objective

In this lesson, we will understand the meaning of presentation of data. Also, we will study about one of the ways of presenting the data, i.e. textual presentation.

Presentation of Data

In the previous two lessons, we studied about the collection and organisation of data. After the raw data is collected, it is organised so as to facilitate comparison and further analysis of data. The next step is the presentation of data. The demonstration of data should be done in a clear and attractive manner so that it can be easily understood and analysed by various statistical users. This is known as presentation of data. The following are the three broad ways of presenting the data.

Textual Presentation of Data

Tabular Presentation of Data

Diagrammatic Presentation of Data

In this lesson, we deal with textual presentation of data. The other two are dealt with in the subsequent lessons.

Textual Presentation of Data

The presentation of the data in the form of text is known as the textual presentation of data. In other words, under textual presentation, the data is summarised paragraphs forms. It is the simplest and the most common form of data presentation. This method is generally used when the data is not very large. A textual description of the data supports the quantitative description and makes the data more understandable. While going through the Indian Economic Development class you must have come across, plenty of textual data. For example, the statement ''the current account deficit rose from 1.35% to 3.69% of GDP from 1980-81 to 1990-91'' is a textual presentation of data. Similarly, the statement for rural areas ''the participation rate for men is 53% while that for women is 30%'' presents a textual form of data.

However, the textual presentation of data involves certain drawbacks. One of the major drawbacks is that in order to draw meaningful conclusion, the reader has to go through the entire text. In case of large and voluminous data, this proves to be a cumbersome task. In other words, the textual presentation does not provide information at a glance. Thus, it becomes necessary to supplement the textual presentation with the tabular and diagrammatic presentation of data.

Objective

In this lesson, we will understand the meaning of presentation of data. Also, we will study about one of the ways of presenting the data, i.e. textual presentation.

Presentation of Data

In the previous two lessons, we studied about the collection and organisation of data. After the raw data is collected, it is organised so as to facilitate comparison and further analysis of data. The next step is the presentation of data. The demonstration of data should be done in a clear and attractive manner so that it can be easily understood and analysed by various statistical users. This is known as presentation of data. The following are the three broad ways of presenting the data.

Textual Presentation of Data

Tabular Presentation of Data

Diagrammatic Presentation of Data

In this lesson, we deal with textual presentation of data. The other two are dealt with in the subsequent lessons.

Textual Presentation of Data

The presentation of the data in the form of text is known as the textual presentation of data. In other words, under textual presentation, the data is summarised paragraphs forms. It is the simplest and the most common form of data presentation. This method is generally used when the data is not very large. A textual description of the data supports the quantitative description and makes the data more understandable. While going through the Indian Economic Development class you must have come across, plenty of textual data. For example, the statement ''the current account deficit rose from 1.35% to 3.69% of GDP from 1980-81 to 1990-91'' is a textual presentation of data. Similarly, the statement for rural areas ''the participation rate for men is 53% while that for women is 30%'' presents a textual form of data.

However, the textual presentation of data involves certain drawbacks. One of the major drawbacks is that in order to draw meaningful conclusion, the reader has to go through the entire text. In case of large and voluminous data, this proves to be a cumbersome task. In other words, the textual presentation does not provide information at a glance. Thus, it becomes necessary to supplement the textual presentation with the tabular and diagrammatic presentation of data.

Objective

After going through this lesson, you shall be able to understand the following concepts.

Meaning of Tabular Presentation of Data

Objectives of Tabular Presentation of Data

Components of a Table

Types of Tables

On the Basis of Purpose- General Purpose Table and Specific Purpose Table

On the Basis of Originality- Original Table and Derivative Table

On the Basis of Construction- Simple Table and Complex Table

Meaning of Tabular Presentation of Data

In your study of Indian Economic Development, you might have come across various tables providing a summary of the data on various topics. For example, the following table presents the data for growth of GDP in the three major sectors.

Sector

1980-91

1992-2001

2002-07

(Tenth Plan Projected)

Agriculture

3.6

3.3

4.0

Industry

7.1

6.5

9.5

Services

6.7

8.2

9.1

GDP

5.6

6.4

8.0

(Source: NCERT text book- I.E.D- class XI- pg 48- table 3.1 )

Clearly, a table is a more systematic presentation of data in the form of rows and columns. The rows are read horizontally whereas, the columns are read vertically. Thus, tabular presentation of data (tabulation) refers to the systematic presentation of data in the form of rows and columns.

Objective of Tabular Presentation of Data

Tabular presentation of data is done with tâ€¦

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