Mathematics NCERT Grade 9, Chapter 13: Surface Areas And Volumes- The chapter begins with recalling plane and solid figures. ​The chapter explains that how the relationship between length and breadth of the figure can give us area and inclusion of the concept of heights can provide us the volume of any particular given object.
The first section is about the surface area of a cuboid and a cube. This includes lateral surface area of a cuboid as well.
Exercise 13.1 is about the same consisting of lot of word problems.

The next topic is- Surface area of a right circular cylinder.
• The topic is also accounted for Curved Surface Area and Total Surface Area of Right Circular Cylinder.
Exercise 13.2 covers the questions based on the surface area of a cylinder.
Moving on to the next solid shape which is right circular cone is explained followed by the formulas for finding the Curved Surface Area and Total surface area of Right Circular Cone. Exercise 13.3 contains 8 questions based on the surface area of a cone.

The next shape is sphere and hemisphere.
• A sphere is a three-dimensional figure(solid figure), which is made up of all points in the space, which lie at a constant distance called the radius, from a fixed point called the centre of the sphere.
• A solid sphere when sliced exactly ‘through the middle’ with a plane that passes through its centre gets divided into two equal parts called the hemisphere.
Curved Surface Area and Total Surface Area of sphere and Hemisphere are discussed in the chapter.
Later, in this chapter volume will be discussed.
• If an object is solid, then the space occupied by such an object is measured and is termed the volume of the object.
Firstly, the Volume of the cuboid and Cube are discussed, then the volume of the cylinder is explained followed by the volume of a right circular cone.
Lastly, we will discuss the Volume of a Sphere and Hemisphere.
The chapter is filled with solved examples and exercises. It requires knowing the correct formulas and its application. Thus, practising the questions is the best way to master this chapter.
In the end summary of the chapter is discussed.

#### Question 1:

A plastic box 1.5 m long, 1.25 m wide and 65 cm deep, is to be made. It is to be open at the top. Ignoring the thickness of the plastic sheet, determine:

(i) The area of the sheet required for making the box.

(ii) The cost of sheet for it, if a sheet measuring 1 m2 costs Rs 20.

It is given that, length (l) of box = 1.5 m

Breadth (b) of box = 1.25 m

Depth (h) of box = 0.65 m

(i) Box is to be open at top.

Area of sheet required

= 2lh + 2bh + lb

= [2 × 1.5 × 0.65 + 2 × 1.25 × 0.65 + 1.5 × 1.25] m2

= (1.95 + 1.625 + 1.875) m2 = 5.45 m2

(ii) Cost of sheet per m2 area = Rs 20

Cost of sheet of 5.45 m2 area = Rs (5.45 × 20)

= Rs 109

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 213 , Q.No.: 1)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 213 , Question 1

#### Question 2:

The length, breadth and height of a room are 5 m, 4 m and 3 m respectively. Find the cost of white washing the walls of the room and the ceiling at the rate of Rs 7.50 per m2.

It is given that

Length (l) of room = 5 m

Breadth (b) of room = 4 m

Height (h) of room = 3 m

It can be observed that four walls and the ceiling of the room are to be white-washed. The floor of the room is not to be white-washed.

Area to be white-washed = Area of walls + Area of ceiling of room

= 2lh + 2bh + lb

= [2 × 5 × 3 + 2 × 4 × 3 + 5 × 4] m2

= (30 + 24 + 20) m2

= 74 m2

Cost of white-washing per m2 area = Rs 7.50

Cost of white-washing 74 m2 area = Rs (74 × 7.50)

= Rs 555

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 213 , Q.No.: 2)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 213 , Question 2

#### Question 3:

The floor of a rectangular hall has a perimeter 250 m. If the cost of panting the four walls at the rate of Rs.10 per m2 is Rs.15000, find the height of the hall.

[Hint: Area of the four walls = Lateral surface area.]

Let length, breadth, and height of the rectangular hall be l m, b m, and h m respectively.

Area of four walls = 2lh + 2bh

= 2(l + b) h

Perimeter of the floor of hall = 2(l + b)

= 250 m

∴ Area of four walls = 2(l + b) h = 250h m2

Cost of painting per m2 area = Rs 10

Cost of painting 250h m2 area = Rs (250h × 10) = Rs 2500h

However, it is given that the cost of paining the walls is Rs 15000.

∴ 15000 = 2500h

h = 6

Therefore, the height of the hall is 6 m.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 213 , Q.No.: 3)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 213 , Question 3

#### Question 4:

The paint in a certain container is sufficient to paint an area equal to 9.375 m2. How many bricks of dimensions 22.5 cm × 10 cm × 7.5 cm can be painted out of this container?

Total surface area of one brick = 2(lb + bh + lh)

= [2(22.5 ×10 + 10 × 7.5 + 22.5 × 7.5)] cm2

= 2(225 + 75 + 168.75) cm2

= (2 × 468.75) cm2

= 937.5 cm2

Let n bricks can be painted out by the paint of the container.

Area of n bricks = (n ×937.5) cm2 = 937.5n cm2

Area that can be painted by the paint of the container = 9.375 m2 = 93750 cm2

∴ 93750 = 937.5n

n = 100

Therefore, 100 bricks can be painted out by the paint of the container.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 213 , Q.No.: 4)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 213 , Question 4

#### Question 5:

A cubical box has each edge 10 cm and another cuboidal box is 12.5 cm long, 10 cm wide and 8 cm high.

(i) Which box has the greater lateral surface area and by how much?

(ii) Which box has the smaller total surface area and by how much?

(i) Edge of cube = 10 cm

Length (l) of box = 12.5 cm

Breadth (b) of box = 10 cm

Height (h) of box = 8 cm

Lateral surface area of cubical box = 4(edge)2

= 4(10 cm)2

= 400 cm2

Lateral surface area of cuboidal box = 2[lh + bh]

= [2(12.5 × 8 + 10 × 8)] cm2

= (2 × 180) cm2

= 360 cm2

Clearly, the lateral surface area of the cubical box is greater than the lateral surface area of the cuboidal box.

Lateral surface area of cubical box − Lateral surface area of cuboidal box = 400 cm2 − 360 cm2 = 40 cm2

Therefore, the lateral surface area of the cubical box is greater than the lateral surface area of the cuboidal box by 40 cm2.

(ii) Total surface area of cubical box = 6(edge)2 = 6(10 cm)2 = 600 cm2

Total surface area of cuboidal box

= 2[lh + bh + lb]

= [2(12.5 × 8 + 10 × 8 + 12.5 × 10] cm2

= 610 cm2

Clearly, the total surface area of the cubical box is smaller than that of the cuboidal box.

Total surface area of cuboidal box − Total surface area of cubical box = 610 cm2 − 600 cm2 = 10 cm2

Therefore, the total surface area of the cubical box is smaller than that of the cuboidal box by 10 cm2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 213 , Q.No.: 5)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 213 , Question 5

#### Question 6:

A small indoor greenhouse (herbarium) is made entirely of glass panes (including base) held together with tape. It is 30 cm long, 25 cm wide and 25 cm high.

(i) What is the area of the glass?

(ii) How much of tape is needed for all the 12 edges?

(i) Length (l) of green house = 30 cm

Breadth (b) of green house = 25 cm

Height (h) of green house = 25 cm

Total surface area of green house

= 2[lb + lh + bh]

= [2(30 × 25 + 30 × 25 + 25 × 25)] cm2

= [2(750 + 750 + 625)] cm2

= (2 × 2125) cm2

= 4250 cm2

Therefore, the area of glass is 4250 cm2.

(ii)

It can be observed that tape is required along side AB, BC, CD, DA, EF, FG, GH, HE, AH, BE, DG, and CF.

Total length of tape = 4(l + b + h)

= [4(30 + 25 + 25)] cm

= 320 cm

Therefore, 320 cm tape is required for all the 12 edges.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 213 , Q.No.: 6)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 213 , Question 6

#### Question 7:

Shanti Sweets Stall was placing an order for making cardboard boxes for packing their sweets. Two sizes of boxes were required. The bigger of dimensions 25 cm × 20 cm × 5 cm and the smaller of dimensions 15 cm × 12 cm × 5 cm. For all the overlaps, 5% of the total surface area is required extra. If the cost of the cardboard is Rs 4 for 1000 cm2, find the cost of cardboard required for supplying 250 boxes of each kind.

Length (l1) of bigger box = 25 cm

Breadth (b1) of bigger box = 20 cm

Height (h1) of bigger box = 5 cm

Total surface area of bigger box = 2(lb + lh + bh)

= [2(25 × 20 + 25 × 5 + 20 × 5)] cm2

= [2(500 + 125 + 100)] cm2

= 1450 cm2

Extra area required for overlapping

= 72.5 cm2

While considering all overlaps, total surface area of 1 bigger box

= (1450 + 72.5) cm2 =1522.5 cm2

Area of cardboard sheet required for 250 such bigger boxes

= (1522.5 × 250) cm2 = 380625 cm2

Similarly, total surface area of smaller box = [2(15 ×12 + 15 × 5 + 12 × 5] cm2

= [2(180 + 75 + 60)] cm2

= (2 × 315) cm2

= 630 cm2

Therefore, extra area required for overlappingcm2

Total surface area of 1 smaller box while considering all overlaps

= (630 + 31.5) cm2 = 661.5 cm2

Area of cardboard sheet required for 250 smaller boxes = (250 × 661.5) cm2

= 165375 cm2

Total cardboard sheet required = (380625 + 165375) cm2

= 546000 cm2

Cost of 1000 cm2 cardboard sheet = Rs 4

Cost of 546000 cm2 cardboard sheet

Therefore, the cost of cardboard sheet required for 250 such boxes of each kind will be Rs 2184.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 213 , Q.No.: 7)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 213 , Question 7

#### Question 8:

Parveen wanted to make a temporary shelter for her car, by making a box-like structure with tarpaulin that covers all the four sides and the top of the car (with the front face as a flap which can be rolled up). Assuming that the stitching margins are very small, and therefore negligible, how much tarpaulin would be required to make the shelter of height 2.5 m, with base dimensions 4 m × 3 m?

Length (l) of shelter = 4 m

Breadth (b) of shelter = 3 m

Height (h) of shelter = 2.5 m

Tarpaulin will be required for the top and four wall sides of the shelter.

Area of Tarpaulin required = 2(lh + bh) + l b

= [2(4 × 2.5 + 3 × 2.5) + 4 × 3] m2

= [2(10 + 7.5) + 12] m2

= 47 m2

Therefore, 47 m2 tarpaulin will be required.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 213 , Q.No.: 8)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 213 , Question 8

#### Question 1:

The curved surface area of a right circular cylinder of height 14 cm is 88 cm2. Find the diameter of the base of the cylinder. Assume π =

Height (h) of cylinder = 14 cm

Let the diameter of the cylinder be d.

Curved surface area of cylinder = 88 cm2

⇒ 2πrh = 88 cm2 (r is the radius of the base of the cylinder)

⇒ πdh = 88 cm2 (d = 2r)

d = 2 cm

Therefore, the diameter of the base of the cylinder is 2 cm.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 216 , Q.No.: 1)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 216 , Question 1

#### Question 2:

It is required to make a closed cylindrical tank of height 1 m and base diameter 140 cm from a metal sheet. How many square meters of the sheet are required for the same?

Height (h) of cylindrical tank = 1 m

Base radius (r) of cylindrical tank

Therefore, it will require 7.48 m2 area of sheet.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 216 , Q.No.: 2)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 216 , Question 2

#### Question 3:

A metal pipe is 77 cm long. The inner diameter of a cross section is 4 cm, the outer diameter being 4.4 cm.

(i) Inner curved surface area,

(ii) Outer curved surface area,

(iii) Total surface area.

Height (h) of cylindrical pipe = Length of cylindrical pipe = 77 cm

(i) CSA of inner surface of pipe

(ii) CSA of outer surface of pipe

(iii) Total surface area of pipe = CSA of inner surface + CSA of outer surface + Area of both circular ends of pipe

Therefore, the total surface area of the cylindrical pipe is 2038.08 cm2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 216 , Q.No.: 3)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 216 , Question 3

#### Question 4:

The diameter of a roller is 84 cm and its length is 120 cm. It takes 500 complete revolutions to move once over to level a playground. Find the area of the playground in m2?

It can be observed that a roller is cylindrical.

Height (h) of cylindrical roller = Length of roller = 120 cm

Radius (r) of the circular end of roller =

CSA of roller = 2πrh

Area of field = 500 × CSA of roller

= (500 × 31680) cm2

= 15840000 cm2

= 1584 m2

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 217 , Q.No.: 4)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 217 , Question 4

#### Question 5:

A cylindrical pillar is 50 cm in diameter and 3.5 m in height. Find the cost of painting the curved surface of the pillar at the rate of Rs.12.50 per m2.

Height (h) cylindrical pillar = 3.5 m

Radius (r) of the circular end of pillar =

= 0.25 m

CSA of pillar = 2πrh

Cost of painting 1 m2 area = Rs 12.50

Cost of painting 5.5 m2 area = Rs (5.5 × 12.50)

= Rs 68.75

Therefore, the cost of painting the CSA of the pillar is Rs 68.75.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 217 , Q.No.: 5)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 217 , Question 5

#### Question 6:

Curved surface area of a right circular cylinder is 4.4 m2. If the radius of the base of the cylinder is 0.7 m, find its height.

Let the height of the circular cylinder be h.

Radius (r) of the base of cylinder = 0.7 m

CSA of cylinder = 4.4 m2

rh = 4.4 m2

h = 1 m

Therefore, the height of the cylinder is 1 m.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 217 , Q.No.: 6)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 217 , Question 6

#### Question 7:

The inner diameter of a circular well is 3.5 m. It is 10 m deep. Find

(i) Its inner curved surface area,

(ii) The cost of plastering this curved surface at the rate of Rs 40 per m2.

Inner radius (r) of circular well

Depth (h) of circular well = 10 m

Inner curved surface area = 2πrh

= (44 × 0.25 × 10) m2

= 110 m2

Therefore, the inner curved surface area of the circular well is 110 m2.

Cost of plastering 1 m2 area = Rs 40

Cost of plastering 110 m2 area = Rs (110 × 40)

= Rs 4400

Therefore, the cost of plastering the CSA of this well is Rs 4400.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 217 , Q.No.: 7)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 217 , Question 7

#### Question 8:

In a hot water heating system, there is a cylindrical pipe of length 28 m and diameter 5 cm. Find the total radiating surface in the system.

Height (h) of cylindrical pipe = Length of cylindrical pipe = 28 m

Radius (r) of circular end of pipe = = 2.5 cm = 0.025 m

CSA of cylindrical pipe = 2πrh

= 4.4 m2

The area of the radiating surface of the system is 4.4 m2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 217 , Q.No.: 8)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 217 , Question 8

#### Question 9:

Find

(i) The lateral or curved surface area of a closed cylindrical petrol storage tank that is 4.2 m in diameter and 4.5 m high.

(ii) How much steel was actually used, if of the steel actually used was wasted in making the tank.

Height (h) of cylindrical tank = 4.5 m

Radius (r) of the circular end of cylindrical tank =

(i) Lateral or curved surface area of tank = 2πrh

= (44 × 0.3 × 4.5) m2

= 59.4 m2

Therefore, CSA of tank is 59.4 m2.

(ii) Total surface area of tank = 2πr (r + h)

= (44 × 0.3 × 6.6) m2

= 87.12 m2

Let A m2 steel sheet be actually used in making the tank.

Therefore, 95.04 m2 steel was used in actual while making such a tank.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 217 , Q.No.: 9)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 217 , Question 9

#### Question 10:

In the given figure, you see the frame of a lampshade. It is to be covered with a decorative cloth. The frame has a base diameter of 20 cm and height of 30 cm. A margin of 2.5 cm is to be given for folding it over the top and bottom of the frame. Find how much cloth is required for covering the lampshade.

Height (h) of the frame of lampshade = (2.5 + 30 + 2.5) cm = 35 cm

Radius (r) of the circular end of the frame of lampshade =

Cloth required for covering the lampshade = rh

= 2200 cm2

Hence, for covering the lampshade, 2200 cm2 cloth will be required.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 217 , Q.No.: 10)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 217 , Question 10

#### Question 11:

The students of a Vidyalaya were asked to participate in a competition for making and decorating penholders in the shape of a cylinder with a base, using cardboard. Each penholder was to be of radius 3 cm and height 10.5 cm. The Vidyalaya was to supply the competitors with cardboard. If there were 35 competitors, how much cardboard was required to be bought for the competition?

Radius (r) of the circular end of cylindrical penholder = 3 cm

Height (h) of penholder = 10.5 cm

Surface area of 1 penholder = CSA of penholder + Area of base of penholder

= 2πrh + πr2

Area of cardboard sheet used by 1 competitor

Area of cardboard sheet used by 35 competitors

= = 7920 cm2

Therefore, 7920 cm2 cardboard sheet will be bought.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 217 , Q.No.: 11)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 217 , Question 11

#### Question 1:

Diameter of the base of a cone is 10.5 cm and its slant height is 10 cm. Find its curved surface area.

Radius (r) of the base of cone == 5.25 cm

Slant height (l) of cone = 10 cm

CSA of cone = πrl

Therefore, the curved surface area of the cone is 165 cm2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 221 , Q.No.: 1)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 221 , Question 1

#### Question 2:

Find the total surface area of a cone, if its slant height is 21 m and diameter of its base is 24 m.

Radius (r) of the base of cone == 12 m

Slant height (l) of cone = 21 m

Total surface area of cone = πr(r + l)

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 221 , Q.No.: 2)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 221 , Question 2

#### Question 3:

Curved surface area of a cone is 308 cm2 and its slant height is 14 cm. Find

(i) radius of the base and (ii) total surface area of the cone.

(i) Slant height (l) of cone = 14 cm

Let the radius of the circular end of the cone be r.

We know, CSA of cone = πrl

Therefore, the radius of the circular end of the cone is 7 cm.

(ii) Total surface area of cone = CSA of cone + Area of base

= πrl + πr2

Therefore, the total surface area of the cone is 462 cm2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 221 , Q.No.: 3)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 221 , Question 3

#### Question 4:

A conical tent is 10 m high and the radius of its base is 24 m. Find

(i) slant height of the tent

(ii) cost of the canvas required to make the tent, if the cost of 1 m2 canvas is Rs 70.

(i) Let ABC be a conical tent.

Height (h) of conical tent = 10 m

Radius (r) of conical tent = 24 m

Let the slant height of the tent be l.

In ΔABO,

AB2 = AO2 + BO2

l2 = h2 + r2

= (10 m)2 + (24 m)2

= 676 m2

l = 26 m

Therefore, the slant height of the tent is 26 m.

(ii) CSA of tent = πrl

Cost of 1 m2 canvas = Rs 70

Cost of canvas =

= Rs 137280

Therefore, the cost of the canvas required to make such a tent is

Rs 137280.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 221 , Q.No.: 4)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 221 , Question 4

#### Question 5:

What length of tarpaulin 3 m wide will be required to make conical tent of height 8 m and base radius 6 m? Assume that the extra length of material that will be required for stitching margins and wastage in cutting is approximately 20 cm. [Use π = 3.14]

Height (h) of conical tent = 8 m

Radius (r) of base of tent = 6 m

Slant height (l) of tent =

CSA of conical tent = πrl

= (3.14 × 6 × 10) m2

= 188.4 m2

Let the length of tarpaulin sheet required be l.

As 20 cm will be wasted, therefore, the effective length will be (l − 0.2 m).

Breadth of tarpaulin = 3 m

Area of sheet = CSA of tent

[(l − 0.2 m) × 3] m = 188.4 m2

l − 0.2 m = 62.8 m

l = 63 m

Therefore, the length of the required tarpaulin sheet will be 63 m.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 221 , Q.No.: 5)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 221 , Question 5

#### Question 6:

The slant height and base diameter of a conical tomb are 25 m and 14 m respectively. Find the cost of white-washing its curved surface at the rate of Rs 210 per 100 m2.

Slant height (l) of conical tomb = 25 m

Base radius (r) of tomb = 7 m

CSA of conical tomb = πrl

= 550 m2

Cost of white-washing 100 m2 area = Rs 210

Cost of white-washing 550 m2 area =

= Rs 1155

Therefore, it will cost Rs 1155 while white-washing such a conical tomb.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 221 , Q.No.: 6)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 221 , Question 6

#### Question 7:

A joker’s cap is in the form of right circular cone of base radius 7 cm and height 24 cm. Find the area of the sheet required to make 10 such caps.

Radius (r) of conical cap = 7 cm

Height (h) of conical cap = 24 cm

Slant height (l) of conical cap =

CSA of 1 conical cap = πrl

CSA of 10 such conical caps = (10 × 550) cm2 = 5500 cm2

Therefore, 5500 cm2 sheet will be required.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 221 , Q.No.: 7)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 221 , Question 7

#### Question 8:

A bus stop is barricaded from the remaining part of the road, by using 50 hollow cones made of recycled cardboard. Each cone has a base diameter of 40 cm and height 1 m. If the outer side of each of the cones is to be painted and the cost of painting is Rs 12 per m2, what will be the cost of painting all these cones? (Use π = 3.14 and take= 1.02).

Radius (r) of cone = = 0.2 m

Height (h) of cone = 1 m

Slant height (l) of cone =

CSA of each cone = πrl

= (3.14 × 0.2 × 1.02) m2 = 0.64056 m2

CSA of 50 such cones = (50 × 0.64056) m2

= 32.028 m2

Cost of painting 1 m2 area = Rs 12

Cost of painting 32.028 m2 area = Rs (32.028 × 12)

= Rs 384.336

= Rs 384.34 (approximately)

Therefore, it will cost Rs 384.34 in painting 50 such hollow cones.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 221 , Q.No.: 8)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 221 , Question 8

#### Question 1:

Find the surface area of a sphere of radius:

(i) 10.5 cm (ii) 5.6 cm (iii) 14 cm

(i) Radius (r) of sphere = 10.5 cm

Surface area of sphere = 4πr2

Therefore, the surface area of a sphere having radius 10.5cm is 1386 cm2.

(ii) Radius(r) of sphere = 5.6 cm

Surface area of sphere = 4πr2

Therefore, the surface area of a sphere having radius 5.6 cm is 394.24 cm2.

(iii) Radius (r) of sphere = 14 cm

Surface area of sphere = 4πr2

Therefore, the surface area of a sphere having radius 14 cm is 2464 cm2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 225 , Q.No.: 1)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 225 , Question 1

#### Question 2:

Find the surface area of a sphere of diameter:

(i) 14 cm (ii) 21 cm (iii) 3.5 m

(i) Radius (r) of sphere =

Surface area of sphere = 4πr2

Therefore, the surface area of a sphere having diameter 14 cm is 616 cm2.

(ii) Radius (r) of sphere =

Surface area of sphere = 4πr2

Therefore, the surface area of a sphere having diameter 21 cm is 1386 cm2.

(iii) Radius (r) of sphere = m

Surface area of sphere = 4πr2

Therefore, the surface area of the sphere having diameter 3.5 m is 38.5 m2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 225 , Q.No.: 2)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 225 , Question 2

#### Question 3:

Find the total surface area of a hemisphere of radius 10 cm. [Use π = 3.14]

Radius (r) of hemisphere = 10 cm

Total surface area of hemisphere = CSA of hemisphere + Area of circular end of hemisphere

Therefore, the total surface area of such a hemisphere is 942 cm2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 225 , Q.No.: 3)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 225 , Question 3

#### Question 4:

The radius of a spherical balloon increases from 7 cm to 14 cm as air is being pumped into it. Find the ratio of surface areas of the balloon in the two cases.

Radius (r1) of spherical balloon = 7 cm

Radius (r2) of spherical balloon, when air is pumped into it = 14 cm

Therefore, the ratio between the surface areas in these two cases is 1:4.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 225 , Q.No.: 4)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 225 , Question 4

#### Question 5:

A hemispherical bowl made of brass has inner diameter 10.5 cm. Find the cost of tin-plating it on the inside at the rate of Rs 16 per 100 cm2.

Inner radius (r) of hemispherical bowl

Surface area of hemispherical bowl = 2πr2

Cost of tin-plating 100 cm2 area = Rs 16

Cost of tin-plating 173.25 cm2 area = Rs 27.72

Therefore, the cost of tin-plating the inner side of the hemispherical bowl is Rs 27.72.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 225 , Q.No.: 5)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 225 , Question 5

#### Question 6:

Find the radius of a sphere whose surface area is 154 cm2.

Let the radius of the sphere be r.

Surface area of sphere = 154

∴ 4πr2 = 154 cm2

Therefore, the radius of the sphere whose surface area is 154 cm2 is 3.5 cm.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 225 , Q.No.: 6)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 225 , Question 6

#### Question 7:

The diameter of the moon is approximately one-fourth of the diameter of the earth. Find the ratio of their surface area.

Let the diameter of earth be d. Therefore, the diameter of moon will be.

Surface area of moon =

Surface area of earth =

Required ratio

Therefore, the ratio between their surface areas will be 1:16.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 225 , Q.No.: 7)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 225 , Question 7

#### Question 8:

A hemispherical bowl is made of steel, 0.25 cm thick. The inner radius of the bowl is 5 cm. Find the outer curved surface area of the bowl.

Inner radius of hemispherical bowl = 5 cm

Thickness of the bowl = 0.25 cm

∴ Outer radius (r) of hemispherical bowl = (5 + 0.25) cm

= 5.25 cm

Outer CSA of hemispherical bowl = 2πr2

Therefore, the outer curved surface area of the bowl is 173.25 cm2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 225 , Q.No.: 8)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 225 , Question 8

#### Question 9:

A right circular cylinder just encloses a sphere of radius r (see figure). Find

(i) surface area of the sphere,

(ii) curved surface area of the cylinder,

(iii) ratio of the areas obtained in (i) and (ii).

(i) Surface area of sphere = 4πr2

(ii) Height of cylinder = r + r = 2r

CSA of cylinder = 2πrh

= 2πr (2r)

= 4πr2

(iii)

Therefore, the ratio between these two surface areas is 1:1.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 225 , Q.No.: 9)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 225 , Question 9

#### Question 1:

A matchbox measures 4 cm × 2.5 cm × 1.5 cm. What will be the volume of a packet containing 12 such boxes?

Matchbox is a cuboid having its length (l), breadth (b), height (h) as 4 cm, 2.5 cm, and 1.5 cm.

Volume of 1 match box = l × b × h

= (4 × 2.5 × 1.5) cm3 = 15 cm3

Volume of 12 such matchboxes = (15 × 12) cm3

= 180 cm3

Therefore, the volume of 12 match boxes is 180 cm3.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 228 , Q.No.: 1)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 228 , Question 1

#### Question 2:

A cuboidal water tank is 6 m long, 5 m wide and 4.5 m deep. How many litres of water can it hold? (1 m3 = 1000l)

The given cuboidal water tank has its length (l) as 6 m, breadth (b) as 5 m, and height (h) as 4.5 m.

Volume of tank = l × b × h

= (6 × 5 × 4.5) m3 = 135 m3

Amount of water that 1 m3 volume can hold = 1000 litres

Amount of water that 135 m3 volume can hold = (135 × 1000) litres

= 135000 litres

Therefore, such tank can hold up to 135000 litres of water.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 228 , Q.No.: 2)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 228 , Question 2

#### Question 3:

A cuboidal vessel is 10 m long and 8 m wide. How high must it be made to hold 380 cubic metres of a liquid?

Let the height of the cuboidal vessel be h.

Length (l) of vessel = 10 m

Width (b) of vessel = 8 m

Volume of vessel = 380 m3

l × b × h = 380

[(10) (8) h] m2= 380 m3

m

Therefore, the height of the vessel should be 4.75 m.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 228 , Q.No.: 3)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 228 , Question 3

#### Question 4:

Find the cost of digging a cuboidal pit 8 m long, 6 m broad and 3 m deep at the rate of Rs 30 per m3.

The given cuboidal pit has its length (l) as 8 m, width (b) as 6 m, and depth (h)as 3 m.

Volume of pit = l × b × h

= (8 × 6 × 3) m3 = 144 m3

Cost of digging per m3 volume = Rs 30

Cost of digging 144 m3 volume = Rs (144 × 30) = Rs 4320

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 228 , Q.No.: 4)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 228 , Question 4

#### Question 5:

The capacity of a cuboidal tank is 50000 litres of water. Find the breadth of the tank, if its length and depth are respectively 2.5 m and 10 m.

Let the breadth of the tank be b m.

Length (l) and depth (h) of tank is 2.5 m and 10 m respectively.

Volume of tank = l × b × h

= (2.5 × b × 10) m3

= 25b m3

Capacity of tank = 25b m3 = 25000 b litres

∴ 25000 b = 50000

b = 2

Therefore, the breadth of the tank is 2 m.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 228 , Q.No.: 5)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 228 , Question 5

#### Question 6:

A village, having a population of 4000, requires 150 litres of water per head per day. It has a tank measuring 20 m × 15 m × 6 m. For how many days will the water of this tank last?

The given tank is cuboidal in shape having its length (l) as 20 m, breadth (b) as 15 m, and height (h) as 6 m.

Capacity of tank = l × b× h

= (20 × 15 × 6) m3 = 1800 m3 = 1800000 litres

Water consumed by the people of the village in 1 day = (4000 × 150) litres

= 600000 litres

Let water in this tank last for n days.

Water consumed by all people of village in n days = Capacity of tank

n × 600000 = 1800000

n = 3

Therefore, the water of this tank will last for 3 days.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 228 , Q.No.: 6)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 228 , Question 6

#### Question 7:

A godown measures 40 m × 25 m × 15 m. Find the maximum number of wooden crates each measuring 1.5 m × 1.25 m × 0.5 m that can be stored in the godown.

The godown has its length (l1) as 40 m, breadth (b1) as 25 m, height (h1) as 15 m, while the wooden crate has its length (l2) as 1.5 m, breadth (b2) as 1.25 m, and height (h2) as 0.5 m.

Therefore, volume of godown = l1 × b1 × h1

= (40 × 25 × 15) m3

= 15000 m3

Volume of 1 wooden crate = l2 × b2 × h2

= (1.5 × 1.25 × 0.5) m3

= 0.9375 m3

Let n wooden crates can be stored in the godown.

Therefore, volume of n wooden crates = Volume of godown

0.9375 × n = 15000

Therefore, 16,000 wooden crates can be stored in the godown.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 228 , Q.No.: 7)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 228 , Question 7

#### Question 8:

A solid cube of side 12 cm is cut into eight cubes of equal volume. What will be the side of the new cube? Also, find the ratio between their surface areas.

Side (a) of cube = 12 cm

Volume of cube = (a)3 = (12 cm)3 = 1728 cm3

Let the side of the smaller cube be a1.

Volume of 1 smaller cube

a1 = 6 cm

Therefore, the side of the smaller cubes will be 6 cm.

Ratio between surface areas of cubes

Therefore, the ratio between the surface areas of these cubes is 4:1.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 228 , Q.No.: 8)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 228 , Question 8

#### Question 9:

A river 3 m deep and 40 m wide is flowing at the rate of 2 km per hour. How much water will fall into the sea in a minute?

Rate of water flow = 2 km per hour

Depth (h) of river = 3 m

Width (b) of river = 40 m

Volume of water flowed in 1 min = 4000 m3

Therefore, in 1 minute, 4000 m3 water will fall in the sea.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 228 , Q.No.: 9)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 228 , Question 9

#### Question 1:

The circumference of the base of cylindrical vessel is 132 cm and its height is 25 cm. How many litres of water can it hold? (1000 cm3 = 1l)

Let the radius of the cylindrical vessel be r.

Height (h) of vessel = 25 cm

Circumference of vessel = 132 cm

r = 132 cm

Volume of cylindrical vessel = πr2h

= 34650 cm3

= 34.65 litres

Therefore, such vessel can hold 34.65 litres of water.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 230 , Q.No.: 1)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 230 , Question 1

#### Question 2:

The inner diameter of a cylindrical wooden pipe is 24 cm and its outer diameter is 28 cm. The length of the pipe is 35 cm. Find the mass of the pipe, if 1 cm3 of wood has a mass of 0.6 g.

Inner radius (r1) of cylindrical pipe =

Outer radius (r2) of cylindrical pipe =

Height (h) of pipe = Length of pipe = 35 cm

Volume of pipe =

Mass of 1 cm3 wood = 0.6 g

Mass of 5720 cm3 wood = (5720 × 0.6) g

= 3432 g

= 3.432 kg

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 230 , Q.No.: 2)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 230 , Question 2

#### Question 3:

A soft drink is available in two packs − (i) a tin can with a rectangular base of length 5 cm and width 4 cm, having a height of 15 cm and (ii) a plastic cylinder with circular base of diameter 7 cm and height 10 cm. Which container has greater capacity and by how much?

The tin can will be cuboidal in shape while the plastic cylinder will be cylindrical in shape.

Length (l) of tin can = 5 cm

Breadth (b) of tin can = 4 cm

Height (h) of tin can = 15 cm

Capacity of tin can = l × b × h

= (5 × 4 × 15) cm3

= 300 cm3

Radius (r) of circular end of plastic cylinder =

Height (H) of plastic cylinder = 10 cm

Capacity of plastic cylinder = πr2H

Therefore, plastic cylinder has the greater capacity.

Difference in capacity = (385 − 300) cm3 = 85 cm3

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 230 , Q.No.: 3)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 230 , Question 3

#### Question 4:

If the lateral surface of a cylinder is 94.2 cm2 and its height is 5 cm, then find (i) radius of its base (ii) its volume. [Use π = 3.14]

(i) Height (h) of cylinder = 5 cm

Let radius of cylinder be r.

CSA of cylinder = 94.2 cm2

rh = 94.2 cm2

(2 × 3.14 × r × 5) cm = 94.2 cm2

r = 3 cm

(ii) Volume of cylinder = πr2h

= (3.14 × (3)2 × 5) cm3

= 141.3 cm3

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 230 , Q.No.: 4)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 230 , Question 4

#### Question 5:

It costs Rs 2200 to paint the inner curved surface of a cylindrical vessel 10 m deep. If the cost of painting is at the rate of Rs 20 per m2, find

(i) Inner curved surface area of the vessel

(iii) Capacity of the vessel

(i) Rs 20 is the cost of painting 1 m2 area.

Rs 2200 is the cost of painting =

= 110 m2 area

Therefore, the inner surface area of the vessel is 110 m2.

(ii) Let the radius of the base of the vessel be r.

Height (h) of vessel = 10 m

Surface area = 2πrh = 110 m2

(iii) Volume of vessel = πr2h

= 96.25 m3

Therefore, the capacity of the vessel is 96.25 m3 or 96250 litres.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 231 , Q.No.: 5)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 231 , Question 5

#### Question 6:

The capacity of a closed cylindrical vessel of height 1 m is 15.4 litres. How many square metres of metal sheet would be needed to make it?

Let the radius of the circular end be r.

Height (h) of cylindrical vessel = 1 m

Volume of cylindrical vessel = 15.4 litres = 0.0154 m3

r = 0.07 m

Therefore, 0.4708 m2 of the metal sheet would be required to make the cylindrical vessel.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 231 , Q.No.: 6)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 231 , Question 6

#### Question 7:

A lead pencil consists of a cylinder of wood with solid cylinder of graphite filled in the interior. The diameter of the pencil is 7 mm and the diameter of the graphite is 1 mm. If the length of the pencil is 14 cm, find the volume of the wood and that of the graphite.

Radius (r1) of pencil == 0.35 cm

Radius (r2) of graphite = = 0.05 cm

Height (h) of pencil = 14 cm

Volume of wood in pencil =

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 231 , Q.No.: 7)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 231 , Question 7

#### Question 8:

A patient in a hospital is given soup daily in a cylindrical bowl of diameter 7 cm. If the bowl is filled with soup to a height of 4 cm, how much soup the hospital has to prepare daily to serve 250 patients?

Radius (r) of cylindrical bowl =

Height (h) of bowl, up to which bowl is filled with soup = 4 cm

Volume of soup in 1 bowl = πr2h

= (11 × 3.5 × 4) cm3

= 154 cm3

Volume of soup given to 250 patients = (250 × 154) cm3

= 38500 cm3

= 38.5 litres.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 231 , Q.No.: 8)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 231 , Question 8

#### Question 1:

Find the volume of the right circular cone with

(i) radius 6 cm, height 7 cm

(ii) radius 3.5 cm, height 12 cm

(i) Radius (r) of cone = 6 cm

Height (h) of cone = 7 cm

Volume of cone

Therefore, the volume of the cone is 264 cm3.

(ii) Radius (r) of cone = 3.5 cm

Height (h) of cone = 12 cm

Volume of cone

Therefore, the volume of the cone is 154 cm3.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 233 , Q.No.: 1)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 233 , Question 1

#### Question 2:

Find the capacity in litres of a conical vessel with

(i) radius 7 cm, slant height 25 cm

(ii) height 12 cm, slant height 13 cm

(i) Radius (r) of cone = 7 cm

Slant height (l) of cone = 25 cm

Height (h) of cone

Volume of cone

Therefore, capacity of the conical vessel

=

= 1.232 litres

(ii) Height (h) of cone = 12 cm

Slant height (l) of cone = 13 cm

Volume of cone

Therefore, capacity of the conical vessel

=

= litres

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 233 , Q.No.: 2)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 233 , Question 2

#### Question 3:

The height of a cone is 15 cm. If its volume is 1570 cm3, find the diameter of its base. [Use π = 3.14]

Height (h) of cone = 15 cm

Let the radius of the cone be r.

Volume of cone = 1570 cm3

r = 10 cm

Therefore, the diameter of the base of cone is $10×2=20$ cm.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 233 , Q.No.: 3)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 233 , Question 3

#### Question 4:

If the volume of a right circular cone of height 9 cm is 48π cm3, find the diameter of its base.

Height (h) of cone = 9 cm

Let the radius of the cone be r.

Volume of cone = 48π cm3

Diameter of base = 2r = 8 cm

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 233 , Q.No.: 4)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 233 , Question 4

#### Question 5:

A conical pit of top diameter 3.5 m is 12 m deep. What is its capacity in kilolitres?

Height (h) of pit = Depth of pit = 12 m

Volume of pit

= 38.5 m3

Thus, capacity of the pit = (38.5 × 1) kilolitres = 38.5 kilolitres

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 233 , Q.No.: 5)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 233 , Question 5

#### Question 6:

The volume of a right circular cone is 9856 cm3. If the diameter of the base is 28 cm, find

(i) height of the cone

(ii) slant height of the cone

(iii) curved surface area of the cone

Let the height of the cone be h.

Volume of cone = 9856 cm3

h = 48 cm

Therefore, the height of the cone is 48 cm.

(ii) Slant height (l) of cone

Therefore, the slant height of the cone is 50 cm.

(iii) CSA of cone = πrl

= 2200 cm2

Therefore, the curved surface area of the cone is 2200 cm2.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 233 , Q.No.: 6)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 233 , Question 6

#### Question 7:

A right triangle ABC with sides 5 cm, 12 cm and 13 cm is revolved about the side 12 cm. Find the volume of the solid so obtained.

When right-angled ΔABC is revolved about its side 12 cm, a cone with height (h) as 12 cm, radius (r) as 5 cm, and slant height (l) 13 cm will be formed.

Volume of cone

= 100π cm3

Therefore, the volume of the cone so formed is 100π cm3.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 233 , Q.No.: 7)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 233 , Question 7

#### Question 8:

If the triangle ABC in the Question 7 above is revolved about the side 5 cm, then find the volume of the solid so obtained. Find also the ratio of the volumes of the two solids obtained in Questions 7 and 8.

When right-angled ΔABC is revolved about its side 5 cm, a cone will be formed having radius (r) as 12 cm, height (h) as 5 cm, and slant height (l) as 13 cm.

Volume of cone

Therefore, the volume of the cone so formed is 240π cm3.

Required ratio

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 233 , Q.No.: 8)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 233 , Question 8

#### Question 9:

A heap of wheat is in the form of a cone whose diameter is 10.5 m and height is 3 m. Find its volume. The heap is to be covered by canvas to protect it from rain. Find the area of the canvas required.

Height (h) of heap = 3 m

Volume of heap

Therefore, the volume of the heap of wheat is 86.625 m3.

Area of canvas required = CSA of cone

Therefore, 99.825 m2 canvas will be required to protect the heap from rain.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 233 , Q.No.: 9)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 233 , Question 9

#### Question 1:

Find the volume of a sphere whose radius is

(i) 7 cm (ii) 0.63 m

(i) Radius of sphere = 7 cm

Volume of sphere =

Therefore, the volume of the sphere is 1437 cm3.

(ii) Radius of sphere = 0.63 m

Volume of sphere =

Therefore, the volume of the sphere is 1.05 m3 (approximately).

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 1)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 1

#### Question 2:

Find the amount of water displaced by a solid spherical ball of diameter

(i) 28 cm (ii) 0.21 m

(i) Radius (r) of ball =

Volume of ball =

Therefore, the volume of the sphere is cm3.

(ii)Radius (r) of ball = = 0.105 m

Volume of ball =

Therefore, the volume of the sphere is 0.004851 m3.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 2)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 2

#### Question 3:

The diameter of a metallic ball is 4.2 cm. What is the mass of the ball, if the density of the metal is 8.9 g per cm3?

Radius (r) of metallic ball =

Volume of metallic ball =

Mass = Density × Volume

= (8.9 × 38.808) g

= 345.3912 g

Hence, the mass of the ball is 345.39 g (approximately).

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 3)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 3

#### Question 4:

The diameter of the moon is approximately one-fourth of the diameter of the earth. What fraction of the volume of the earth is the volume of the moon?

Let the diameter of earth be d. Therefore, the radius of earth will be .

Diameter of moon will be and the radius of moon will be .

Volume of moon =

Volume of earth =

Therefore, the volume of moon is of the volume of earth.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 4)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 4

#### Question 5:

How many litres of milk can a hemispherical bowl of diameter 10.5 cm hold?

Radius (r) of hemispherical bowl = = 5.25 cm

Volume of hemispherical bowl =

= 303.1875 cm3

Capacity of the bowl =

Therefore, the volume of the hemispherical bowl is 0.303 litre.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 5)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 5

#### Question 6:

A hemispherical tank is made up of an iron sheet 1 cm thick. If the inner radius is 1 m, then find the volume of the iron used to make the tank.

Inner radius (r1) of hemispherical tank = 1 m

Thickness of hemispherical tank = 1 cm = 0.01 m

Outer radius (r2) of hemispherical tank = (1 + 0.01) m = 1.01 m

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 6)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 6

#### Question 7:

Find the volume of a sphere whose surface area is 154 cm2.

Let radius of sphere be r.

Surface area of sphere = 154 cm2

⇒ 4πr2 = 154 cm2

Volume of sphere =

Therefore, the volume of the sphere is cm3.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 7)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 7

#### Question 8:

A dome of a building is in the form of a hemisphere. From inside, it was white-washed at the cost of Rs 498.96. If the cost of white-washing is Rs 2.00 per square meter, find the

(i) inside surface area of the dome,

(ii) volume of the air inside the dome.

(i) Cost of white-washing the dome from inside = Rs 498.96

Cost of white-washing 1 m2 area = Rs 2

Therefore, CSA of the inner side of dome =

= 249.48 m2

(ii) Let the inner radius of the hemispherical dome be r.

CSA of inner side of dome = 249.48 m2

r2 = 249.48 m2

r = 6.3 m

Volume of air inside the dome = Volume of hemispherical dome

= 523.908 m3

= 523.9 m3 (approximately)

Therefore, the volume of air inside the dome is 523.9 m3.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 8)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 8

#### Question 9:

Twenty seven solid iron spheres, each of radius r and surface area S are melted to form a sphere with surface area S'. Find the

(i) radius r' of the new sphere, (ii) ratio of S and S'.

(i)Radius of 1 solid iron sphere = r

Volume of 1 solid iron sphere

Volume of 27 solid iron spheres

27 solid iron spheres are melted to form 1 iron sphere. Therefore, the volume of this iron sphere will be equal to the volume of 27 solid iron spheres. Let the radius of this new sphere be r'.

Volume of new solid iron sphere

(ii) Surface area of 1 solid iron sphere of radius r = 4πr2

Surface area of iron sphere of radius r' = 4π (r')2

= 4 π (3r)2 = 36 πr2

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 9)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 9

#### Question 10:

A capsule of medicine is in the shape of a sphere of diameter 3.5 mm. How much medicine (in mm3) is needed to fill this capsule?

Volume of spherical capsule

=

= 22.458 mm3

= 22.46 mm3 (approximately)

Therefore, the volume of the spherical capsule is 22.46 mm3.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 10)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 10

#### Question 1:

A wooden bookshelf has external dimensions as follows: Height = 110 cm, Depth = 25 cm, Breadth = 85 cm (see the given figure). The thickness of the plank is 5 cm everywhere. The external faces are to be polished and the inner faces are to be painted. If the rate of polishing is 20 paise per cm2 and the rate of painting is 10 paise per cm2, find the total expenses required for polishing and painting the surface of the bookshelf.

External height (l) of book self = 85 cm

External breadth (b) of book self = 25 cm

External height (h) of book self = 110 cm

External surface area of shelf while leaving out the front face of the shelf

= lh + 2 (lb + bh)

= [85 × 110 + 2 (85 × 25 + 25 × 110)] cm2

= (9350 + 9750) cm2

= 19100 cm2

Area of front face = [85 × 110 − 75 × 100 + 2 (75 × 5)] cm2

= 1850 + 750 cm2

= 2600 cm2

Area to be polished = (19100 + 2600) cm2 = 21700 cm2

Cost of polishing 1 cm2 area = Rs 0.20

Cost of polishing 21700 cm2 area Rs (21700 × 0.20) = Rs 4340

It can be observed that length (l), breadth (b), and height (h) of each row of the book shelf is 75 cm, 20 cm, and 30 cm respectively.

Area to be painted in 1 row = 2 (l + h) b + lh

= [2 (75 + 30) × 20 + 75 × 30] cm2

= (4200 + 2250) cm2

= 6450 cm2

Area to be painted in 3 rows = (3 × 6450) cm2 = 19350 cm2

Cost of painting 1 cm2 area = Rs 0.10

Cost of painting 19350 cm2 area = Rs (19350 × 0.1)

= Rs 1935

Total expense required for polishing and painting = Rs (4340 + 1935)

= Rs 6275

Therefore, it will cost Rs 6275 for polishing and painting the surface of the bookshelf.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 236 , Q.No.: 1)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 236 , Question 1

#### Question 2:

The front compound wall of a house is decorated by wooden spheres of diameter 21 cm, placed on small supports as shown in the given figure. Eight such spheres are used for this purpose, and are to be painted silver. Each support is a cylinder of radius 1.5 cm and height 7 cm and is to be painted black. Find the cost of paint required if silver paint costs 25 paise per cm2 and black paint costs 5 paise per cm2.

Radius (r) of wooden sphere =

Surface area of wooden sphere = 4πr2

Radius (r1) of the circular end of cylindrical support = 1.5 cm

Height (h) of cylindrical support = 7 cm

CSA of cylindrical support = 2πrh

Area of the circular end of cylindrical support = πr2

= 7.07 cm2

Area to be painted silver = [8 × (1386 − 7.07)] cm2

= (8 × 1378.93) cm2 = 11031.44 cm2

Cost for painting with silver colour = Rs (11031.44 × 0.25) = Rs 2757.86

Area to be painted black = (8 × 66) cm2 = 528 cm2

Cost for painting with black colour = Rs (528 × 0.05) = Rs 26.40

Total cost in painting = Rs (2757.86 + 26.40)

= Rs 2784.26

Therefore, it will cost Rs 2784.26 in painting in such a way.

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 237 , Q.No.: 2)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 237 , Question 2

#### Question 3:

The diameter of a sphere is decreased by 25%. By what per cent does its curved surface area decrease?

Let the diameter of the sphere be d.

CSA (S1) of sphere =

CSA (S2) of sphere when radius is decreased =

Decrease in surface area of sphere = S1S2

##### Video Solution for surface areas and volumes (Page: 237 , Q.No.: 3)

NCERT Solution for Class 9 maths - surface areas and volumes 237 , Question 3

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