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Board Paper of Class 10 2009 Maths (SET 3) - Solutions

General Instructions:
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. The question paper consists of 30 questions divided into four sections – A, B, C and D. Section A comprises of ten questions of 1 mark each, Section B comprises of five questions of 2marks each, Section C comprises of ten questions of 3 marks each and Section D comprises of five questions of 6marks each.
3. All questions in Section A are to be answered in one word, one sentence or as per the exact requirement of the question.
There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of 2 marks each, three questions of 3 marks each and two questions of 6 marks each. You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.
4. In question on construction, the drawing should be neat and as per the given measurements.
5. Use of calculators is not permitted.

• Question 1

Find the discriminant of the quadratic equation VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 2

If , a, and 2 are three consecutive terms of an A.P., then find the value of a.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 3

If the areas of two similar triangles are in the ratio 25:64, write the ratio of their corresponding sides.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 4

In figure 1, ΔABC is circumscribing a circle. Find the length of BC. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 5

Two coins are tossed simultaneously. Find the probability of getting exactly one head.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 6

Find the [HCF × LCM] for the numbers 100 and 190.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 7

If 1 is a zero of the polynomial p(x) = ax2 − 3(a − 1) x − 1, then find the value of a.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 8

If sec2θ (1 + sin θ) (1 − sin θ) = k, then find the value of k.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 9

If the diameter of a semicircular protractor is 14 cm, then find its perimeter.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 10

Find the number of solutions of the following pair of linear equations:

x + 2y − 8 = 0

2x + 4y = 16

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 11

If the points A (4, 3) and B (x, 5) are on the circle with the centre O (2, 3), find the value of x.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 12

Which term of the A.P. 4, 12, 20, 28, … will be 120 more than its 21st term?

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 13

If , then evaluate OR

Find the value of tan 60°, geometrically.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 14

Find all the zeroes of the polynomial x3 + 3x2 − 2x − 6, if two of its zeroes are and .

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 15

In Figure 2, ΔABD is a right triangle, right-angled at A and AC BD. Prove that AB2 = BC . BD. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 16

Prove that is an irrational number.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 17

Draw a right triangle in which sides (other than hypotenuse) are of lengths 8 cm and 6 cm. Then construct another triangle whose sides are times the corresponding sides of the first triangle.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 18

Two dice are thrown simultaneously. What is the probability that

(i) 5 will not come up on either of them?

(ii) 5 will come up on at least one?

(iii) 5 will come up at both dice?

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 19

In Figure, 3, AD ⊥ BC and BD CD. Prove that 2CA2 = 2AB2 + BC2. OR

In Figure 4, M is mid-point of side CD of a parallelogram ABCD. The line BM is drawn intersecting AC at L and AD produced at E. Prove that EL = 2 BL. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 20

The sum of first six terms of an arithmetic progression is 42. The ratio of its 10th term to its 30th term is 1 : 3. Calculate the first and the thirteenth term of the A.P.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 21

The area of an equilateral triangle is cm2. Taking each angular point as centre, circles are drawn with radius equal to half the length of the side of the triangle. Find the area of triangle not included in the circles. [Take = 1.73]

OR

Figure 5 shows a decorative block which is made of two solids − a cube and a hemisphere. The base of the block is a cube with edge 5 cm and the hemisphere, fixed on the top, has a diameter of 4.2 cm. Find the total surface area of the block. [Take π = ] VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 22

Find the ratio in which the point (x, −1) divides the line segment joining the points (−3, 5) and (2, −5). Also find the value of x.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 23

Find the area of the quadrilateral ABCD whose vertices are A (1, 0), B (5, 3), C (2, 7) and D (­−2, 4)

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 24

Evaluate:  VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 25

Solve for x and y: axby = 2ab

OR

The sum of two numbers is 8. Determine the numbers if the sum of their reciprocals is VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 26

A juice seller serves his customers using a glass as shown in Figure 6. The inner diameter of the cylindrical glass is 5 cm, but the bottom of the glass has a hemispherical portion raised which reduces the capacity of the glass. If the height of the glass is 10 cm, find the apparent capacity of the glass and its actual capacity. (Use π = 3.14) OR

A cylindrical vessel with internal diameter 10 cm and height 10.5 cm is full of water. A solid cone of base diameter 7 cm and height 6 cm is completely immersed in water. Find the volume of

(i) water displaced out of the cylindrical vessel.

(ii) water left in the cylindrical vessel.

[Take π ]

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 27

Prove that the tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

Using the above, do the following:

In Figure 7, O is the centre of the two concentric circles. AB is a chord of the larger circle touching the smaller circle at C. Prove that AC = BC. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 28

A 1.2 m tall girl spots a balloon moving with the wind in a horizontal line at a height of 88.2 m from the ground. The angle of elevation of the balloon from the eyes of the girl at that instant is 60°. After some time, the angle of elevation reduces to 30°. Find the distance travelled by the balloon during the interval.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 29

Solve the following equation for x:

9x2 − 9(a + b)x + (2a2 + 5ab + 2b2) = 0

OR

If (−5) is a root of the quadratic equation 2x2 + px − 15 = 0 and the quadratic equation p(x2 + x) + k = 0 has equal roots, then find the values of p and k.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 30

During the medical check-up of 35 students of a class their weights were recorded as follows:

 Weight (in kg) Number of students 38 − 40 3 40 − 42 2 42 − 44 4 44 − 46 5 46 − 48 14 48 − 50 4 50 − 52 3

Draw a less than type and a more than type ogive from the given data. Hence obtain the median weight from the graph.

VIEW SOLUTION
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