Dear Student,

Please refer to the answer given by Prasanna as she provide a very good explanation.

@ Prasanna very good efforts. 

Keep it up!


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Ok, we know tetrahedron is a sturcture formed by four units in which three units represent base and one to the top. So remember that tetahedral voids are formed when such a situation arises. Octahedral voids arise when two triangles are placed with their apex faced opposite sides.

So memory tip:

Place three balls (this is first layer). Here apex faces north (lets say)

I place a ball from the second layer (which shall be in top of first) on the void which is created by the three balls in first layer, oh well boy! you have a tetrahedral void. Accordingly all the rest units from the second layer will arrange itself (you can just draw after making this first tetrahedral)

If in the second layer placing, I place three balls such that apex of second layer balls (3 in no.) faces opposite (in our case it faces south) such that center of the triangle from layer I and II lie on same axis (just place on exact top) we get a void in between called as OCTAHEDRAL void.

Additional Information which may be helpful:

Let the number of close packed spheres be N, then:

The number of octahedral voids generated = N
The number of tetrahedral voids generated = 2N

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