What is water scarcity? Write the main reasons for water scarcity. 

Water scarcity refers to the situation where potable, unpolluted water is lower than the demand in a region.
Major Causes of Water Scarcity
Following are some of the major causes of water shortage:
-Climate change
-Natural calamities such as droughts and floods
-Increased human consumption
-Overuse and wastage of water
-A global rise in freshwater demand
-Overuse of aquifers and its consequent slow recharge

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