What is a gerund?

When the root form of verb is joined with a ‘ _ing’, the verb is known as a gerund. At times, they can even act as nouns and can become the subject or object of a sentence.

For example:

Jogging is good for health.

You can see in the above example that, ‘jogging’ (like a noun) is the subject of the sentence, but at the same time it also has an object (like a verb), and this object is ‘health’. This is why a gerund is called a verbal noun, or a noun that has the qualities of a verb.

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A form that is derived from a verb but that functions as a noun, in English ending in -ing,

e.g., I enjoy playing football.

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