what do u mean by object of the sentence?

An object of a sentence is a part of the predicate of the sentence. It tells us the person or thing upon whom or which the subject is acting upon. In short, it tells us the person or thing upon which the verb is being performed. 

For example: 

Natalia sang a song.

('Song' is an object in the sentence because the subject 'Natalia' performs the verb ('sang') upon the object 'song'.)

Look at a few more examples:

I bought a book.

Taj Mahal is in Agra.

The bag is on the table.

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In everyday language, an object is a thing, something you can see or touch. But in grammar, an object is not necessarily a thing at all!

What is a direct object?


In English grammar, a direct object is a word (usually a noun or a pronoun) or a word group that follows an action verb and is the direct receiver of the action expressed in the verb.

What do we mean by the term direct receiver of the action? We mean that sometimes the action in a verb may be carried over to some word or word group mentioned in the sentence. That word or word group is the receiver of the action and therefore the direct object. Here is an example:
  • The big-game hunter shot the charging rhinoceros.

The verb is an action verb: shot. The subject is the person doing the action of shooting: the big-game hunter. But in this case, there is also a target, a direct receiver of the action of shooting: the rhinoceros. The noun rhinoceros is therefore the direct object of the action verb shot.

How can I find the direct object in a sentence?

If you are wondering whether there is a direct object in a sentence, look for an action verb. If you find one, ask the question what? or whom? after the verb. The word or word group that answers the question will be the direct object.

We can do that with each of the examples below:

  • The big-game hunter shot the charging rhinoceros.
    • (Shot what? The rhinoceros. Direct object = noun rhinoceros)
  • The neighbours’ poodle chased me up a tree.
    • (Chased whom? Me. Direct object = pronoun me)
  • Brent likes selling gas in Saskatchewan.
    • (Likes what? Selling gas in Saskatchewan. Direct object = word groupselling gas in Saskatchewan)
  • I do not understand how your gerbil got into the laundry hamper.
    • (Do not understand what? How your gerbil got into the laundry hamper. Direct object = word group how your gerbil got into the laundry hamper)


  • Alison smiled pleasantly.
    • (Smiled what? There’s nothing to answer the question; in fact, the question doesn’t even make sense. So there’s no direct object.)

As you can see, direct objects are an important part of many sentences. Learning to recognize them will help you master sentence structure and become a better writer.

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