What did Swaraj mean to different sections of the society?
The meaning of Swaraj was different for different sections of the society-
- For middle classes in cities, the call of Swaraj led to boycott of government institution. In town the movement was relatively peaceful. everyone including students, headmasters and lawyers left their jobs. The council elections were boycotted in most provinces. foreign products and clothes were boycotted and burnt, so the movement slowed down gradually due to lack of alternatives.
- For the peasants and tribals, Swaraj meant not only freedom from British rule, but also at the hands of landlords. So they organised themselves and demanded reduction of revenue and abolition of beggar. In the countryside there were the houses being attacked. So the tribals started various resistance movements they had been deprived of access to forest and its resources.