There is a close and reciprocal relationship between planning and controlling. explain ?

Close relationship between planning and controlling:
i. Planning is meaningless without controlling.
ii. Controlling is blind without planning.
(explain these two points)

Planning and Controlling are reciprocal:
i. Planning is Looking Ahead whereas Controlling is looking back.
ii. Planning is the first function and controlling is the last function of managerial process.
(explain these two points as well)
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both planning and controlling are the most important for an organisation.
planning cannot be done without controlling because after planning we have to implement that plan and control it according to achieve the estimated target.
controlling is meaningless without planning because an organisation need a plan in order to control according to the plan.
both planning and controlling are backward looking as well as forward looking...
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