state Heisenberg's Uncertainty principle?
According to Heisenberg's uncertainty principle:
For a microscopic particle system like electrons etc. the position and momentum of a moving particle cannot be simultaneously measured with arbitrarily high precision. This is due to the wave and particle like dual character of such particles.
Mathematically we describe the uncertainty principle as the following, where `x' is position and `p' is momentum so, Δx is uncertainty in position and Δp is uncertainty in momentum then there product must be a constant as:
Δx. Δp = h/2π
- The uncertainty principle also called the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, or Indeterminacy Principle, articulated (1927) by the German physicist Werner Heisenberg, that the position and the velocity of an object cannot both be measured exactly, at the same time, even in theory. The very concepts of exact position and exact velocity together, in fact, have no meaning in nature.
- the uncertainty principle states that the position and velocity bothcannot
- be measured,exactly, at the same time (actually pairs of position, energy and time)
Theuncertainty principlecontains implications about the energy that would be required to contain a particle within a given volume. The energy required to contain particles comes from thefundamental forces, and in particular theelectromagnetic forceprovides the attraction necessary to contain electrons within the atom, and thestrong nuclear forceprovides the attraction necessary to contain particles within the nucleus