Primitive man found himself at the mercy of all kinds of material forces which he did understand and could not control—thunder and lightning and earthquakes and He could not imagine these things happening without something to make them happen, and according to his ideas, something meant somebody. There must be, he thought, some kind of person behind these thunderstorms and earthquakes, and in this notion of somebody, who caused
these dreadful things to happen, we have the beginning Of the idea of God. But primitive man did not think Of one God but a number of gods — each Of them ruling over particular department Of the world. For instance, in Egypt, where there was already some kind Of 
civilisation, one Of the earliest known, some four thousand years ago, there was a great multiplicity of these gods, - a god for the moon, a god for the sun, a god of darkness, a god even of learning. The gods loved and hated and had favourites just like human beings. All through the early history or man runs the idea that it is only by praying to the gods and flattering them that man can survive the many perils of his life. 
(a) What was the beginning of the idea Of God ?
(b) What was the beginning of the idea of multiplicity of gods?
(c) What was the idea of the Egyptians about their gods?

Dear Student,
  1. The primitive man faced many kinds of material forces like thunder, lightning and earthquake and thought of a person responsible for them to happen. The notion of this person causing such dreadful things led to the idea of god.
  2. The primitive man thought of number of gods responsible for different departments of the world. Some four thousand years ago, in Egypt, one of the earliest known civilisation thought of multiple gods like one for moon, for sun, for darkness and for learning.
  3. The Egyptians had a great multiplicity of gods-god for the moon, god for the sun, god for darkness and even for learning. According to them, gods loved and hated and had favourites just like humans. 


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