List various types of nutrients and write the functions of each.


The major nutrients are Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins, minerals (salts), Water, and Roughage. The sources and functions of each of them are as follows:


Carbohydrates act as the main source of energy for the active brain. It includes bread, fruits, grains, sugar, and vegetables.  Make sure to consume whole grains once a day as whole grains and fruits are full of fiber which reduces the risk of heart diseases.


Protein is the main structural component of cells and helps in building the body tissue. It breaks down into amino acids, which are building blocks of protein.  Some of the Protein sources like low-fat meat, beans, eggs, and beans should be consumed


Fat is a source of energy that is consumed to increase the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Consume healthy sources like walnuts, fish, and vegetable-based oils for development and growth.


Vitamins provide structure to the blood vessels, ligaments, and bone. Sources like strawberries and peppers help to prevent birth defects.


Proper intake of sodium helps to maintain the fluid volume of the cells and helps them to function normally. Bananas, tomatoes, and potatoes are rich sources of minerals. Consume the proper amount of calcium to build strong bones and teeth.

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