What is a flood?
The first step to knowing what to do in a flood is to understand what it is and when it happens. A flood is when a large amount of water covers the ground. A flood can happen because of a heavy rain, because a creek, river or lake overflows, when ice and snow melts too quickly or when a dam breaks. A flood can occur nearly anywhere it can be just a few inches of water or the water can be very deep.
A flood happens really quickly. The water in a flood moves very rapidly. Most often, a flash flood is caused by rain that falls faster than the rate of one inch per hour. A flash flood can occur in areas where it is not currently raining, since the floodwaters move rapidly downstream. Floods are most common in mountain stream areas and canyons, but they can happen in cities too.
Following steps are proposed these should be taken in parallel:
1-Obtain an aerial map of the total flood affected area. Show it in colour. On another map show the rivers and riverines flow in a normal monsoon to discern the differential. Procure mapped record of previous floods since the major one of 1929.
2-Mark boundaries of the area at the peak level of this year’s flood. Show boundaries of the provinces, of each district and its Tehseels.
3-As soon as appropriate the affected with families return to the sites of their abodes. They should be helped with whatever means possible from the nearest area to have a temporary overhead cover. Food for six months and other essentials to survive also be provided to them. Agriculturist to be provided all inputs to grow the earliest possible crop. It is vital for survival, peace and security.
4-Each affected mark his house himself as it existed before the calamity. Prepare the list of major items including cattle and agriculture or other means of his earning that he had and what is left. This information should be certified by the two neighbours at site. It should be accepted as authentic and final. No revenue or bureaucratic intervention should be necessary. The aim should be to return them to their pre flood abode and comfort as far as possible. Medical comfort should be provided by mobile system till permanent facilities are set up.
5-The affected himself prepare the financial need to rebuild that minimum size home and other assets that existed before the flood. An estimated amount for the smallest house/hut be predetermined. That amount should be paid there and then. The support for his other need also be sought from him. If possible paid to him there also. The Idea is to serve him there. He should not be chasing for the support and further demeaned.
6-The houses and other losses in access of the minimum size should also are worked out by the affected. The minimum facility house paid for should also be paid to these affectees. Amount in access thereof should be given as a loan without interest to be returned in 15 years.
7-Considering the losses from north to south affecting every province by the flood the number of affected could be close to 30m. With an average family of 6 the housing units of all sizes will be 6m. A compensation of Rs100, 000 at the minimum will be Rs 6bn. In most cases there will total loss of houses. There may some repairable. That adjudication should be done there in presence of local people. The amount needed for this purpose should be diverted from the development budgets of the provinces and augmented by the centre. The compensation promised for those who died and injured by various Leaders will have to be added for the families concerned.
8-The financial requirement determined above should be given to each district. I am making the ensuing recommendation with shame. It is to save nation from feud, loot, plunder and robbery that it has been subjected to. Request top ten declared most honest countries to provide personnel for each district upto Tehseel level to disburse the amount to the people. Officers from the Armed forces and a known honest person of the area should witness the disbursement. It should take no more than one month. A large number of teams will be needed for this task. The detail should be worked out immediately. Politicians and bureaucracy should only be in support of these teams.
9-While the individuals being such compensated we should looking at the infrastructure for its repair and rebuilding. It should be dealt type wise rail, road, river and building. Aim here also should be to reinstate the system to pre flood position.
10-The destruction of the infrastructure should be displayed on a map for each facility accurately. Cost of replacement estimated and published inviting help with heavy equipment needed in each field. In this case also the financial aspect should be controlled by those who offer to rebuild any area or facility. They should keep and disburse the funds themselves. We should support them for provision of what they ask for, to do the job. Maximum local man power should be engaged. Maximum local facilities be utilized to the needs in rebuilding the infrastructure. This time the fury of flood be kept in view.
HOPE IT HELPS..........
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