How will you treat the following in estimating national income of India?Give reasons for your answer. a)Value of bonus shares received by shareholders of a company. b)Fees received from students. c)Interest received on loan given to a foreign company in India.

Dear Student,
a) Value of bonus shares is not included in the national income as they are  just paper claims and does not contribute in the production of goods and services.
b) Fees received from the students is included in the national income because it is a part of private final consumption expenditure.
c) Interest received on loan given to foreign company in India is a factor income from abroad so it will be included in the national income.

Regards

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