From 1773 to 1858, the British firmly established the colonial administrative machinery which was exploitative & discriminatory towards the Indians. Write down some points on how the damage caused by colonial rule continues to effect modern India.

Dear Student,

The following points may help you:

a.  The British through their economic policies brought about drain of wealth and brought about huge exploitation of the people.They encouraged their own industries at the cost of India's local industries.
b.  Completely impoverished agriculture, with high rate of revenue. The British also tried to expand the cultivation of crops in the countryside by compelling farmers to grow opium, indigo, commercial crops like wheat, rice jute, tea etc to fulfill their economic interests
c.The British were not interested in investing in land or enhancing its productivity. It is due to such economic policies British made Indian economy subservient to their interests and reduced country to abject poverty , with famines.
d. British followed the policy of divide and rule to break  the unity of the country. Muslim community was looked with suspicion, their property was confiscated. They pitted Muslims against the Hindus eventually leading to the partition.
e. They followed a policy of racial discrimination, in the army for instance, 
 Indians were not given high positions, rather higher ranks were dominated by the Europeans 
f. Even though the British Introduced ideas like rule of law, equality before law. They introduced a proper system of justice, by establishing civil and criminal courts in each district, there existed a sharp contrast in theory and practise. Indians and Europeans were tried in separate courts.

g. Even in the administrative structure all high positions were reserved for Europeans.
h. The exploitative policies, the discriminatory attitude of the British made Indians aware and inculcated a sense of nationalism.
i. The colonial policies certainly impacted modern India, as poverty continues to remain a challenge . Further, the administrtaive structure laid down by the British did provide political unification, but it also encouraged favouritism, nepotism.
j.Further , the colonial policy of divide and rule, made India pay a heavy price for it, leading to the partition of the country.



  • 0
What are you looking for?