Explain the structure of local self governing bodies in villages,small and big urban cities

Dear Student,

Please refer below the structure of local self governing bodies in rural areas and cities:

a. At the village level, there is a Gram Panchayat in each village or a group of villages comprising of villagers, it also has ward members referred as Panchs and the President who is known as the Sarpanch. 
b. The panchs are elected by the members of the Panchayat. 
c. The working of the gram panchayat is supervised by Gram sabha. It is the Gram Sabha which comprises of all the adult members of the village anyone who is above the age of 18 is the member of Gram Sabha and has right to vote.   
Gram Sabha among them elects the members of the Gram Panchayat . The panchayat is answerable and accountable to the Gram Sabha.The Sabha approves the annual plans, budget of the panchayat. 
d.  The Panchayat Samiti exist at the block level or mandal and is headed by Chairperson and Vice Chairperson elected by the members of the samiti. 
e. It  Includes 1/5th of Members from Gram Panchyats. These Members are elected by the all panchayat members of the area.It also includes MLA's of the area. 
​f. Panchayat Samilti is administered by Block Development officer who is the executive officer that supervises all programmes and policies of the Panchayat Samiti and Sub Divisional Magistrate​. The Samiti,  takes up planning for schemes related to development of agriculture, livestock, irrigation, sanitation,public health. 
g. It supervises and coordinates the work of Gram panchayats. 
h. It implements the work given by the state governments or Zilla Parishad. 
i. At the the district level, there is which is  Headed by Chairperson and Vice Chairperson and includes Chairperson of  all the Panchayat Samiti,  MP's and MLA's of the district. 
j. Zilla Parishad is  administered by DM or Collector 
k. In urban areas there are municipal bodies comprising of  Municipal Corporation in large urban areas, These Municipal Corporations are  headed by the Mayor and also include Councillors and MLA's
l. Then there are Municipality which includes Municipal council in smaller urban areas

m. There are also City Councils that is Nagar Panchayat with population of less than 25,000 inhabitants
n. The above three are divided into wards for administrative purposes.



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