Explain the main power and functions of High Courts

Dear Student,
The High Court is the highest court in a state in India. Articles 214 to 231 in the Indian Constitution talk about the High Courts, their organisation and powers. The Parliament can also provide for the establishment of one High Court for two or more states.
The various kinds of jurisdiction of the High Court are briefly given below:
Original Jurisdiction - The High Courts of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras have original jurisdiction in criminal and civil cases arising within these cities. An exclusive right enjoyed by these High Courts is that they are entitled to hear civil cases which involve property worth over Rs.20000. Regarding Fundamental Rights: They are empowered to issue writs in order to enforce fundamental rights. With respect to other cases: All High Courts have original jurisdiction in cases that are related to will, divorce, contempt of court and admiralty. Election petitions can be heard by the High Courts.
Appellate Jurisdiction -In civil cases: an appeal can be made to the High Court against a district court’s decision. An appeal can also be made from the subordinate court directly, if the dispute involves a value higher than Rs. 5000/- or on a question of fact or law.
As a Court of Record -High Courts are also Courts of Record (like the Supreme Court). The records of the judgements of the High Courts can be used by subordinate courts for deciding cases. All High Courts have the power to punish all cases of contempt by any person or institution.

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