EXPLAIN BOLIVIA WATER WAR
Bolivia’s Water War, 2000
Bolivia is a poor country in Latin America.
The World Bank pressurised the government to give up its control of municipal water supply.
The government sold these rights for the city of Cochabamba to a multi-national company (MNC).
The company immediately increased the price of water four times. This led to a spontaneous popular protest.
A new alliance of labour, human rights and community leaders forced the officials of the MNC to flee the city and made the government concede to all the demands of the protesters.
The contract with the MNC was cancelled and water supply was restored to the municipality at old rates. This came to be known as Bolivia’s water war.
the bolivia`s water war is the war for the improve in democracy.there is democracy but the leader`s have given this water supply work to private company named mncs.they increased the bill.for ex-if the people having their salary of rs 5000 and their bill is for rs 2500.then they are not able to do the work with the small amount so they, boycotted and strikes....first time the leaders didn`t do anything but in the second time they they take the contract from mncs.........
bolivia is a poor country in latin america. the world bank pressurised the government to sell its water supplies. the government sold water rights of a city cochabamba to a local Mnc. the MNC raised priced upto 4 times. the people of the city recieved water bill of rs.1000 where their monthly salaries were only rs. 5000. the people revolted against this.FEDECOR a bolivian organisation helped the ppl in revolting against the government. at last the government took back the water supplies and the original rates were restored.
The government decided to sell water supply in the country’s third largest city, Cochabamba, to a multi-national company (MNC). The company immediately raised the rate of water by four times. The average income was Rs 5000 a month and many people received monthly water bill of Rs 1000. This led to an impulsive popular protest.
An alliance of labour, human rights and community leaders organized a successful four-day strike on January 2000. FEDECOR, a Bolivian organization, helped the people revolt against the government. The government agreed to concede to the demands and the strike was called off. But nothing happened. The agitation started again in February and the police resorted to brutal repression. Martial law was imposed when another strike followed in April. The officials of the MNC fled the city and the government was made to concede to all the demands of the protesters. This was only possible due to the power of the people. Water supply was restored to the municipality at the old rates and the contract made with MNC was broken. This struggle for water came to be popularly known as Bolivia’s Water War.
People were dissatisfied with the decision of the government. Demonstrations and a general strike erupted in January 2000 in protest against the tariff increase and the perceived privatization of water resources.
The government arrested the leader of the protesters, Oscar Olivera. But the protests spread to the entire country and the government declared a state of emergency in April. Protests still continued and several people were killed.
The government finally released Oscar Olivera and signed an agreement with him stating that the concession would be ended.
It was due to such protests by the people that the MNC contract was cancelled and the municipal water supply was restored to old rates.