differences and similarities between the planned cities built in India during the British period and those built after independence.
During British times:
The urban centres built by British such as Madras, Delhi and Bombay were basically fortified cities. British people lived within the fort area. These areas were known as the Civil Lines. All other structures such as churches, shops or administrative headquarters were built in the fort area. A nearby area was assigned for the army. Such an area was known as the “cantonment”. The Black town was that part of the city where the locals lived.
In post-independence days
After independence all these distinctions were done way with. Whay now emerged to be important was optimum uitilisation of land with ultimate aim of development. With this aim, the first planned city of free India, Chandigarh, emerged. Instead of the British and Native section, this city was divided into.
Head (the Capitol Complex, Sector 1),
Heart (the City Centre Sector-17),
Lungs (the leisure valley, innumerable open spaces and sector greens),
Intellect (the cultural and educational institutions),
Circulatory system (the network of roads, the 7Vs) and
Viscera (the Industrial Area).