Compare and contrast the popular struggles of Bolivia and Nepal
- One basic difference between the movements in Nepal and Bolivia is that the role of popular struggles does not come to an end with the establishment of democracy as in case of Nepal.
- Second difference was that in case of Nepal , the parties got together to avert monarchy but in case of Bolivia, the struggle was against Multi national companies.
The similarity was:
In case of both Bolivia and Nepal, it was the people's movement, the involvement of people from middle classes.
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Hey frnd here is your answer:
There is a similarity between these popular struggles of Bolivia and Nepal , That is , In both cases huge mass involved in the struggle.
But there are some difference between thse both two:
The following events occurred in Bolivia 's water war:
The conflict over water in Bolivia germinated with the decision of the government to give up its control of municipal water supply. This was done at the behest of the World Bank.
- The water supply rights for the city of Cochacamba were sold to a multi national corporation which increased the price of water by four times.
- This led to spontaneous popular protests as the water cost began to make a dent in the household budget of people.
- An alliance of labour, human rights and community leaders organised a four day strike which was called off after the government agreed to negotiate. However, no progress happened and instead, the police resorted to repression when the agitation was started again.
- Martial law was imposed after another strike in April. However, the MNC officials had to leave the city under pressure from the people while the government had to concede to the demands of the protestors.
- The MNC contract was cancelled and municipal water supply was restored at old rates.
Nepal war for restoration of democracy:In 2006 a new movement in Nepal began to restore democracy. This was because of the weak powers of the government, king Gyanendra dismissed the then Prime minister and dissolved the parliament. Thus, the movement shaped in order to overthrow king and attain democracy in Nepal. Further, all the major parties formed a seven party alliance and called for a four day strike in Kathmandu and put the following three demands:
- 1. To restore parliament
- 2. To give power to an all party government
- 3. To establish a new constituent assembly