adaptation of aquatic plants. (6 points)

Following are the adaptations of aquatic plants:

  • Aquatic plants have their roots fixed in soil, deep below the surface of water. 
  • Unlike land plants, their roots are small.
  • The stems of aquatic plants are long, hollow, and light. Their stem grows up to the surface of water, with leaves and flowers floating around it.
  • Some aquatic plants are completely submerged in water. They have narrow ribbon-like leaves, which can easily bend with flowing water.
  • In some submerged plants, leaves are divided, which allows water to flow past them easily without causing any damage to them.


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Aquatic plants are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater). They are also referred to as hydrophytes or macrophytes. These plants require special adaptations for living submerged in water, or at the water's surface - the most common adaptation is aerenchyma, but floating leaves and finely dissected leaves are also common

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