A window is in the form of rectangle surmounted by a semicircular opening. The total perimeter of the window is 10 m. Find the dimensions of the window to admit maximum light through the whole opening.
Let x and y be the length and breadth of the rectangular window.
Radius of the semicircular opening
It is given that the perimeter of the window is 10 m.
∴Area of the window (A) is given by,
Therefore, by second derivative test, the area is the maximum when length.
Hence, the required dimensions of the window to admit maximum light is given by