A stream of electrons travelling with speed of v m/s at right angles to a uniform electric field E is deflected in a circular path of radius r.Prove that e/m =v2 /rE ?
We know that the path of the particles in transverse electric field is parabola.
Here the path of electron is given as a circle; we may assume a small arc of parabola as circular arc of radius r , the necessary centripetal force [ mv2/r] for a circular arc is provided by the electric force (eE) so we have
mv2/r = (eE)
e/m = v2 /rE