2. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
Tourism has emerged as the world's largest industry. Growing rapidly in the last two decades, today it account for 6% of the world output and employees some hundred million people around the globe. Since the end of the Second World . War, it has developed immense revenue and development potential and stands today as a unique natural renewable resource industry.
Tourism - the travel based recreation - provides people change of place and a break from the monotony of daily life. It brings peoples of different nations together, allow them to come into contact with each others customs and other aspects of life. It reveals the scenic beauty and past heritage of a country to people belonging to other Nations. The knowledge and experience gained, in the process lead to greater understanding and tolerance, and can even foster world peace.
The contribution of tourism nowhere scene more clearly then on economic front. A study conducted by united Nations has shown that developing countries, in particular, can reap some benefits out of tourism greatly boosts national income.
Tourism generate employment, and adds to the entrepreneurial wealth of the nation• While tourism's advantages are •many, it's undesirable side effects have raised fresh problems.
Tourism can cause social, cultural or environmental disruption. Of the greatest
concern is its damage to the environment. In order to attract more tourists, sprawling resorts are built which take neither the local architectural styles no the ecology into consideration. Natural systems come to be destroyed as a result indiscriminate construction to provide water and waste disposal facilities an d recreational arrangements to tourists. Overuse of environmental wealth disturb ecological balance

Damage is most in wildlife parks which remain foremost sites of tourist attraction • -Tourist vans and the visitors' feet destroy the ground vegetation, thus affecting the feeding habits of the animals and the landscape as well. Overcrowding brings about congestion, leading to environmental and health hazards.
The Taj Maha!, one of the seven wonders of the world. has suffered a lot of Wear and tear from trampling feet of tourists.
Some Socio-cultural effects of tourism have been damaging. Tourism offers ushers in new life styles; arrangements as desired by tourists are provided in order to make them feel at home. The emergence of this 'other 'culture in various places has caused dissatisfaction among the local people. The concern is that the local people tends to imitate the foreign values breaking away from their own traditions.
TO promote safe tourism while ensuring that it remains a profitable industry, it is imperative to understand the factors that hamper the growth of tourism & check them effectively.
General instability of the nation is damaging to tourism prospects. Political disturbances, in particular, pose a serious problem. The growing violence in the international scene and increasing threat of terrorism affects the flow of tourists. Countries like S Lanka have been a victim to terrorist threats for long and have therefore suffered setbacks in tourism.
Whatever the problems, India must work hard o reap the benefits from this industry, for the country has everything to attract visitors from far and near.

On the basis of your reading of the above passage, make notes on it in points only using headings and sub-headings. Also use recognizable. abbreviations wherever necessary (minimum 4). Supply a suitable title to it.

l l. Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words.

Dear student,
Such questions are meant to test your writing skills and should be attempted on your own. However, these points might help you elaborate:

Title: World's largest industry: Tourism
1. Growth of tourism:
a. Accounts for 6% of world output
b. Natural renewable industry
c. Travel based recreation:
i) breaks monotony
ii) brings people together
iii) offers multi-cultural experience

2. Employment generated by Tourism
3. Negative effects of tourism
4. Aspects damaging for tourism

Add relevant points for 2, 3 and 4.
Give full forms of abbreviations used:

tou: tourism

Use the significant points to write the summary. Include the headings and subheadings from the notes and write them in meaningful and complete sentences for the summary.


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