Subject: English, asked on 23/8/18

Everyone needs a holiday, both to relax and to have a change of environment. The holiday makers feel relaxed and refreshed at the end of the holiday and look forward to the resumption of their duties, be it at school, office or factories, with renewed vigour. This is the reason why all establishments grant their employees annual leave. With the end of the Academic year the schools and universities grant their pupils a long holiday during mid-summer. This was last until early September when the new school term starts. Of course the parents will like to take advantage of this and take their leave to coincide with the children's vacations. This has become a traditional holiday season in most European countries particularly in England.

With the coming of August, the traditional holiday season in Britain reaches its peak point and most of the holiday resorts are packed to capacity. In order to avoid the crowd, some prefer to take their holiday a little easier if facilities so warrant. Those who have already taken their holidays can console themselves not only with reflections on the happy days spent in the country, at the seaside or abroad, but also with the thought that holiday expenses are over for the year and that by taking an earlier holiday they have missed the August rush. 

The main thing, of course, is the weather and that it would be hazardous to prophesy. But whatever the weather is like, the essence of a holiday for mot is the carefree atmosphere in which it can be enjoyed. "Take all you need but leave our worries behind" is the sound advice for the holiday maker. Private worries are not always easy to escape from. However, even the pessimist would admit that for the moment things appear brighter than they have been. 

Holiday time is surely a time for shedding serious pre-occupations and seeking the pleasures that appeal to us. It is true that we may not always succeed in finding them, indeed there are people who maintain that the great thing about holiday it gives you an ampler appreciation of home comforts 'a view no doubt more widely held among the elderly than you.

I.a) On the basis of your reading the above passage, make notes using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations, wherever necessary. And also suggest a suitable title.
b) Write a summery of the above passage in not more than 80 words using the notes made. 

Subject: English, asked on 13/12/19

Q2 Read the passage carefullyThe Road to Success

1. The Road to success is not straight; there is a curve called failure, a loop called confusion, speed bumps called friends, caution lights called family, and you will have flats called jobs. But, if you have a spare called determination, an engine called perseverance, insurance called faith, and a driver called God, you will make it to a place called success! 2. In spite of all our planning and preparation, unexpected challenges are certain to arise. The bumps in the road are unavoidable, but you’ll never get to your destination if you aren’t willing to drive over them. The difference between a disaster and triumph lies in whether or not you’re prepared and willing to weather the storm. If you’re ready, those bumps will become stepping-stones. 3. The key thing to realize is that working harder is same as working smarter. How do you work smarter? You just need to have the right skills. People want improved circumstances and better life without an improved self. They want victory without paying the price or making efforts. It really cannot happen without the other. Any improvements that have not been generated by improving yourself are superficial and short-lived. If you want to have a better future, you have to change yourself. Stop worrying about the various challenges that will come your way. Just believe in yourself and use them as stepping-stones. 4. “Success” is getting whatever you want out of life without violating the rights of others.” It is not an accident. Success is the result of our attitude and our attitude is a choice. Hence success is a matter of choice and not chance. 5. Today success represents a holistic and positive attitude to life. Attitude is everything. Success is not restricted within some kind of brick and mortar premises. It assumes the individuality of a complete act executed with perfection; material achievements do not define life. We don’t remember sports stars for the products they endorse but the spirit of achievement they represent. In the abundance of positive attitude underline the grandeur of a truly rewarding rich life. 6. Success can be measured from two standpoints—the external and the internal. Externally it is the measure of a job well done and recognition. Internally it the feeling of achievement and wholeness derived from the completion of a task or fulfillment of desire.

 2.1 On the basis of your reading of the above extract, answer the following questions in 30-40 words each: (a) What qualities lead one to the place called success? (b) What is the difference between disaster and triumph? (c) How can one have a better future? (d) Describe two ways to measure success. 2.2 On the basis of your reading of the above extract, answer the following: (a) The synonym of ‘victory’ as given in paragraph 2 is ____________ (i) Planning (ii) Preparation (iii) Triumph (iv) Challenges (b) The synonym of ‘surplus’ as given in paragraph 5 is ______________ (c) The antonym of ‘Defeat’ as given in paragraph 6 is _____________ (i) Recognition (ii) Achievement (iii) Completion (iv) Success 2x4=8 1x4=4 Page | 4 (d) The antonym of ‘deep’ as given in Paragraph 3 is ____________

Subject: English, asked on 1/2/18

2. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
Tourism has emerged as the world's largest industry. Growing rapidly in the last two decades, today it account for 6% of the world output and employees some hundred million people around the globe. Since the end of the Second World . War, it has developed immense revenue and development potential and stands today as a unique natural renewable resource industry.
Tourism - the travel based recreation - provides people change of place and a break from the monotony of daily life. It brings peoples of different nations together, allow them to come into contact with each others customs and other aspects of life. It reveals the scenic beauty and past heritage of a country to people belonging to other Nations. The knowledge and experience gained, in the process lead to greater understanding and tolerance, and can even foster world peace.
The contribution of tourism nowhere scene more clearly then on economic front. A study conducted by united Nations has shown that developing countries, in particular, can reap some benefits out of tourism greatly boosts national income.
Tourism generate employment, and adds to the entrepreneurial wealth of the nation• While tourism's advantages are •many, it's undesirable side effects have raised fresh problems.
Tourism can cause social, cultural or environmental disruption. Of the greatest
concern is its damage to the environment. In order to attract more tourists, sprawling resorts are built which take neither the local architectural styles no the ecology into consideration. Natural systems come to be destroyed as a result indiscriminate construction to provide water and waste disposal facilities an d recreational arrangements to tourists. Overuse of environmental wealth disturb ecological balance

Damage is most in wildlife parks which remain foremost sites of tourist attraction • -Tourist vans and the visitors' feet destroy the ground vegetation, thus affecting the feeding habits of the animals and the landscape as well. Overcrowding brings about congestion, leading to environmental and health hazards.
The Taj Maha!, one of the seven wonders of the world. has suffered a lot of Wear and tear from trampling feet of tourists.
Some Socio-cultural effects of tourism have been damaging. Tourism offers ushers in new life styles; arrangements as desired by tourists are provided in order to make them feel at home. The emergence of this 'other 'culture in various places has caused dissatisfaction among the local people. The concern is that the local people tends to imitate the foreign values breaking away from their own traditions.
TO promote safe tourism while ensuring that it remains a profitable industry, it is imperative to understand the factors that hamper the growth of tourism & check them effectively.
General instability of the nation is damaging to tourism prospects. Political disturbances, in particular, pose a serious problem. The growing violence in the international scene and increasing threat of terrorism affects the flow of tourists. Countries like S Lanka have been a victim to terrorist threats for long and have therefore suffered setbacks in tourism.
Whatever the problems, India must work hard o reap the benefits from this industry, for the country has everything to attract visitors from far and near.

On the basis of your reading of the above passage, make notes on it in points only using headings and sub-headings. Also use recognizable. abbreviations wherever necessary (minimum 4). Supply a suitable title to it.

l l. Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words.

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